The Great Train Robbery of 1866, one of the most famous train robberies in American history, took place in Tennessee. A group of Confederate veterans stole $90,000 from a train traveling from Nashville to Chattanooga.
Greene County, located in eastern Tennessee, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the early 18th century. The region was originally inhabited by Cherokee Native Americans until European settlers began to arrive in the mid-1700s. In 1783, Greene County was established and named after Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene.

During the American Civil War, Greene County played a significant role, witnessing several battles and skirmishes. It was divided between Union and Confederate sympathizers, leading to tensions and conflicts. The Battle of Blue Springs, fought in 1863, was one of the most significant engagements in the area, as Union forces sought to gain control of the strategic railroad line.

Following the war, Greene County experienced a period of reconstruction and growth. The completion of the railroad in the late 19th century facilitated trade and industrial development. Agriculture, particularly tobacco farming, became a vital part of the local economy. The county also saw the rise of coal mining, which brought prosperity and job opportunities.

In the 20th century, Greene County underwent further changes as technology advanced. The establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in the 1930s brought electricity to rural areas and stimulated economic development. The construction of Douglas Lake in the 1940s further transformed the region, providing a recreational hub for boating, fishing, and tourism.

Today, Greene County continues to thrive with a mix of agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. With its beautiful natural landscapes, historical sites, and a strong sense of community, Greene County remains a place of both historical significance and modern growth.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Greene County, Tennessee.

  • 1783: Greene County is established in the State of Franklin, one of the earliest attempts at creating a separate territory from North Carolina.
  • 1785: The State of Franklin collapses, and Greene County becomes part of the Southwest Territory.
  • 1796: Tennessee becomes a state, and Greene County is incorporated within its boundaries.
  • 1810: The county seat is established in the town of Greeneville.
  • 1811: Battle of Huffs Ferry takes place during the War of 1812 in present-day Greene County.
  • 1825: The Andrew Johnson Homestead, the birthplace and family home of the future U.S. President, is constructed in Greeneville.
  • 1861: The Civil War begins, and Greene County sees significant military activity as Union and Confederate forces vie for control.
  • 1864: The Battle of Blue Springs is fought in Greene County, resulting in a Union victory and securing East Tennessee for the Union Army.
  • 1904: The Carnegie Library is established in Greeneville, providing educational resources to the community.
  • 1941: The Greeneville Army Air Base is constructed during World War II, serving as a training facility for bomber crews.
  • 1982: The Greene County Partnership is established as an economic development organization, promoting business growth in the county.