The largest underground lake in the United States is located in Tennessee. The Lost Sea, located in Sweetwater, Tennessee, covers over four acres and is home to a variety of unusual creatures, including blind fish and crayfish.
Giles County, Tennessee, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the early 1800s. The county was established in 1809, named after William Branch Giles, a prominent Virginia statesman. The region was initially home to Native American tribes, including the Cherokee and Chickasaw, who were later displaced through treaties and forced removal.

Like many areas in the South, Giles County's economy during the early years relied heavily on agriculture, particularly tobacco and cotton. The fertile soil and the slave labor system helped the county thrive, and plantations dotted the landscape. However, the Civil War brought significant changes to Giles County, as it became a battleground for the Union and Confederate forces. The county witnessed several skirmishes and notable engagements, leaving a lasting impact on the community.

Following the war, Giles County went through a period of reconstruction and struggled to recover from economic and social challenges. However, the 20th century saw the county's resurgence and diversification. The arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century facilitated transportation and stimulated industrial growth. The county experienced a shift from agrarian to industrial economy, with the establishment of a variety of industries, including textiles, mining, and manufacturing.

Over the years, Giles County has also made substantial contributions to education and civil rights. In the early 20th century, a number of private colleges were established in the county, providing access to higher education. The county also played a role in the Civil Rights Movement, with local activists advocating for racial equality and participating in demonstrations.

Today, Giles County preserves its history through various museums, landmarks, and festivals. The community continues to evolve and grow, blending its rich heritage with modern development.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Giles County, Tennessee.

  • 1809: Giles County is formed from parts of Maury, Robertson, and Indian lands.
  • 1836: Pulaski, the county seat, is incorporated.
  • 1860s: Giles County becomes a center for Confederate recruiting and manufacturing during the Civil War.
  • 1872: The first railroad is built in Giles County.
  • 1908: A new courthouse is constructed in Pulaski.
  • 1943: The Tennessee Walking Horse National Celebration, a major horse show, begins in Giles County and continues annually.
  • 1960s: The county experiences significant racial tensions and civil rights struggles.
  • 1993: A tornado hits Giles County, causing widespread damage.
  • 2001: The American Civil War Trails System designates Giles County as a participant in its heritage tourism program.
  • 2010s: Giles County continues to be a rural community with a mix of agricultural, industrial, and recreational activities.