The first known protest against British taxation in America occurred in Tennessee in 1768, more than a decade before the famous Boston Tea Party. A group of settlers in the Watauga Association signed a petition protesting the British government's attempt to impose taxes on them without their consent.
Fentress County, Tennessee, located in the Appalachian region, has a rich and diverse history that spans centuries. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Cherokee, who were later forcibly removed during the Trail of Tears in the 1830s. European settlers began to arrive in the late 18th century, primarily of Scottish, Irish, and English descent, establishing farms and small communities.

In the early 19th century, the county experienced rapid growth with the construction of the Kentucky and Nashville Turnpike, which connected Fentress County to other major cities. This brought new opportunities for trade and development. The region's natural resources, including timber and minerals, further fueled its growth. By the late 1800s, coal mining became a significant industry, attracting many workers to the area.

Fentress County played a role in the Civil War, with many of its young men joining the Confederate Army. The 24th Tennessee Infantry, known as the "Fentress Rifles," fought in several major battles. The county saw some skirmishes and raids, but overall, it escaped major conflict.

The 20th century brought changes and challenges to Fentress County. The decline of coal mining in the mid-1900s led to economic struggles. However, the county managed to adapt by diversifying its economy, focusing on agriculture, tourism, and small businesses. In recent years, Fentress County has become known for its natural beauty, outdoor recreation opportunities, and historical attractions, such as the Sgt. Alvin C. York State Historic Park, which preserves the legacy of the World War I hero.

Overall, Fentress County's history showcases the resilience and resourcefulness of its inhabitants, who have navigated through various periods of growth, decline, and adaptation. Today, the county continues to preserve its cultural heritage while embracing new opportunities for the future.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Fentress County, Tennessee.

  • 1801 - Fentress County was established on November 28.
  • 1823 - Jamestown became the county seat.
  • 1861-1865 - Fentress County was impacted by the American Civil War.
  • 1905 - The new county courthouse was built.
  • 1933 - Pogue Library was established in Jamestown.
  • 1942-1945 - The county hosted a German prisoner-of-war camp during World War II.
  • 1964 - Dale Hollow Lake was completed.
  • 1992 - Alvin C. York Agricultural Institute was founded.
  • 2010 - The population of Fentress County was 17,959.