Tennessee was the site of the first recorded manned flight in history. In 1878, a man named George Washington Pearcy flew a steam-powered aircraft over a field in Shelbyville, Tennessee.
Cumberland County, TN, located in the southeastern part of the state, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. It was originally home to Native American tribes such as the Cherokee, who hunted and fished in the area for centuries. European settlers began to arrive in the late 18th century, with the county officially established in 1807.

The area played a significant role in the westward expansion and the settlement of Tennessee. The Cumberland Trail, an important Native American and pioneer route, passed through the county, fostering trade and providing access to the region. The county's first courthouse was established in 1808, and in 1856, Crab Orchard was designated as the county seat.

During the Civil War, Cumberland County saw its share of conflict. Numerous battles and skirmishes occurred in the area, as both Union and Confederate forces sought control of strategic positions. The Battle of Tazewell in 1862 and the Battle of Cumberland Gap in 1863 were important events that shaped the county's wartime history.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the county experienced growth and development. Railroads were introduced, opening up new opportunities for trade and transportation. Lumber, coal, and agriculture industries played vital roles in the local economy. Today, Cumberland County is known for its natural beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and vibrant community, with a population that continues to grow and thrive.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Cumberland County, Tennessee.

  • 1807: Cumberland County is created, named after the Cumberland River.
  • 1810: The first permanent settlement is established in the county.
  • 1856: The county courthouse is built in Crossville, the county seat.
  • 1861-1865: Cumberland County residents serve in the Civil War.
  • 1893: The county's first newspaper, "The Cumberland Chronicle," is published.
  • 1927: The first paved road is opened in the county.
  • 1940s: The construction of the Cumberland Homesteads brings new residents and economic development to the area.
  • 1952: Cumberland Mountain State Park is established.
  • 1994: The Mayland Community College, now known as Roane State Community College, opens a campus in Cumberland County.
  • 2004: The historic Palace Theatre reopens after restoration.