National Register Listings in
Cheatham County, Tennessee

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The Battle of Stones River, fought near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, during the Civil War, was one of the bloodiest battles of the conflict. It resulted in over 23,000 casualties, including over 3,000 deaths.
Cheatham County, Tennessee, has a rich history that dates back centuries. The land was first inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Chickasaw and Shawnee. European explorers, such as Hernando de Soto, made brief visits to the area in the 16th century. However, permanent settlement did not occur until the late 1700s when European settlers arrived.

In the late 1700s, pioneers began migrating to the area that would become Cheatham County. They established small farms and communities along the Cumberland River, taking advantage of the fertile land and abundant resources. The county was officially established on February 28, 1856, named in honor of Edward S. Cheatham, a state legislator.

During the American Civil War, Cheatham County was caught in the middle of the conflict. The Battle of Sycamore Mills, fought in December 1862, saw Union forces face off against Confederate troops, resulting in a Confederate victory. The county itself largely supported the Confederacy, supplying soldiers and resources to the Southern cause.

In the decades following the war, Cheatham County experienced growth and development. The construction of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad in the late 19th century brought increased economic opportunities and connectivity to the region. Agriculture, particularly tobacco and livestock farming, became important industries in the county. Today, Cheatham County continues to thrive with a mix of rural charm and suburban growth, offering its residents a picturesque setting and a close-knit community.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Cheatham County, Tennessee.

  • 1806: Cheatham County was established on February 28.
  • 1820s: Settlements were established in the county.
  • 1838: Montgomery County was formed from parts of Dickson and Robertson Counties, with some land coming from Cheatham.
  • 1845: Portions of Cheatham County were given to form Davidson County.
  • 1875: The county seat was established in Ashland City.
  • 1883: Cumberland Railway was completed, improving transportation in the region.
  • 1928: The Cheatham Dam was constructed on the Cumberland River.
  • 1933: The Cheatham Dam was expanded.
  • 1980: Cheatham County became a popular commuter county due to its proximity to Nashville.