National Register Listings in
Pennington County, South Dakota

Black Hills Model Home Burlington and Quincy High Line Hill City to Keystone Branch Byron, Lewis, House Calumet Hotel Casper Supply Company of SD Cassidy House Chapel in the Hills Church of the Immaculate Conception Civilian Conservation Corp Camp F-10 Dean Motor Company Dinosaur Park Emmanuel Episcopal Church Fairmont Creamery Company Building Feigel House First Congregational Church Gambrill Storage Building Golden Summit Mine Foreman's Cabin Gramberg Ranch Harney Peak Hotel Harney Peak Lookout Tower, Dam, Pumphouse and Stairway Harney Peak Tin Mining Company Buildings Holmes, Zack, House Johnson Siding, House and Sawmill Keystone School Keystone Trading Company Store Kudrna, Josef and Marie, Homestead and Ranch Madison Ranch McEachron, C. E., General Merchandise Milwaukee Road Freight House Motor Service Company Mount Rushmore National Memorial Nelson, Maurice, House Nichols Funeral Home Building Otho Mining District Pennington County Courthouse Quinn Methodist Church Quinn, Michael, House Rapid City Carnegie Library Rapid City Commercial Historic District (Boundary Increase) Rapid City Fruit Company Rapid City Garage Rapid City High School Rapid City Historic Commercial District Rapid City Historical Museum Rapid City Laundry Rapid City Masonic Temple Rapid City West Boulevard Historic District Rapid City West Boulevard Historic District (Boundary Increase) Shaw, Glenn W., House Sitting Bull Crystal Cavern Dance Pavilion South Dakota Department of Transportation Bridge No. 52-575-383 South Dakota Department of Transportation Bridge No. 52-824-300 Swander Bakery Building Von Woehrmann Building Wasta Rest Stop Tipi-Eastbound Wasta Rest Stop Tipi-Westbound
The town of Deadwood, South Dakota was a notorious Wild West town, known for its lawlessness and frequent shootouts. Wild Bill Hickok was famously shot and killed in Deadwood's Saloon No. 10.
Pennington County, South Dakota, has a rich and diverse history that stretches back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Lakota Sioux, who relied on the abundant natural resources for their livelihoods. The area later became part of the Dakota Territory, established in 1861.

In the late 19th century, the discovery of gold in the Black Hills region sparked a rush of settlers to Pennington County. This led to conflicts between the Native Americans and the newcomers, culminating in the Battle of Wounded Knee in 1890, which marked the end of armed Native American resistance in the area. The mining industry continued to flourish, attracting people from all over the country, and the city of Rapid City was founded in 1876 to support this growing population.

During both World Wars, Pennington County played a significant role in supporting the war efforts. The area was used as a training ground for soldiers, and Ellsworth Air Force Base was established near Rapid City in 1942. The base played a crucial role in the Cold War, housing nuclear-armed B-52 bombers. Today, Ellsworth Air Force Base remains an important military installation.

In recent years, Pennington County has experienced growth in sectors such as tourism and education. The Black Hills attract visitors from around the world who come to see iconic landmarks like Mount Rushmore and Crazy Horse Memorial. Rapid City has also become a hub for higher education, with institutions like South Dakota School of Mines and Technology promoting research and innovation in various fields. Overall, Pennington County's history is shaped by the blending of Native American heritage, mining booms, military activity, and modern advancements.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Pennington County, South Dakota.

  • 1875: Pennington County is established as part of the Dakota Territory.
  • 1890: Rapid City is founded as the county seat.
  • 1893: The Black Hills and Badlands Forest Reserve is established, encompassing a large portion of Pennington County.
  • 1911: The Rapid City Weather Bureau Station is opened in Pennington County.
  • 1941-1945: During World War II, the Rapid City Army Air Base is constructed, bringing significant military presence to the county.
  • 1972: A disastrous flood hits Rapid City, causing significant damage and loss of life.
  • 1980: Mount Rushmore National Memorial, located in Pennington County, is added to the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 1992: The Black Hills National Forest, including parts of Pennington County, is designated as a National Scenic Byway.
  • 2010: Rapid City's population exceeds 70,000, making it the second-largest city in South Dakota.