National Register Listings in
Miner County, South Dakota

The state bird of South Dakota is the ring-necked pheasant, which was introduced to the state in the early 1900s.
Miner County, located in South Dakota, has a rich and interesting history. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Dakota and Yanktonai Sioux. European settlers began arriving in the mid-1800s, attracted by the availability of fertile land. In 1880, the county was officially established, named after Nelson Miner, a prominent official from Lawrence County.

The early years of Miner County were shaped by agriculture and the growth of small towns. Farmers settled in the area, cultivating crops such as wheat, corn, and barley. The towns of Howard, Carthage, Epiphany, and Vilas were established to support the growing agricultural community. However, the county faced challenges, including harsh weather conditions, economic fluctuations, and the Great Depression.

During the early 20th century, Miner County experienced significant developments in infrastructure and services. Roads were improved, schools were built, and electricity became widely available. The arrival of the railroad in 1882 further stimulated economic growth and facilitated transportation of goods and people. The county also witnessed a rise in social and cultural activities, with the opening of libraries, theaters, and community centers.

In recent decades, Miner County has adapted to changing times. While agriculture remains an important industry, the county has embraced new opportunities. It has diversified its economy with the growth of industries such as manufacturing, healthcare, and tourism. Today, Miner County is known for its picturesque landscapes, welcoming communities, and strong commitment to preserving its rural heritage.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Miner County, South Dakota.

  • 1873: Miner County is established by the Dakota Territorial Legislature.
  • 1879: The first newspaper, The Howard Champion, is published.
  • 1880: The town of Carthage is founded.
  • 1882: The town of Howard is established as the county seat.
  • 1888: The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway reaches Miner County.
  • 1899: The village of Fedora is incorporated.
  • 1930: The population of Miner County reaches its peak at over 10,000 residents.
  • 1940: The county experiences a decline in population due to the Great Depression and Dust Bowl.
  • 1955: The town of Vilas disincorporates.
  • 2000: The population of Miner County is just over 2,900.
  • 2010: The population of Miner County decreases to around 2,400.