The Black Hills of South Dakota are also home to the Crazy Horse Volksmarch, an annual event that allows visitors to hike up to the base of the Crazy Horse Memorial.
Edmunds County, located in South Dakota, has a rich and diverse history that stretches back to the mid-19th century. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Lakota Sioux. European settlement began in the 1870s, led by homesteaders seeking fertile land and opportunities in agriculture.

In 1883, the county was officially established and named after Newton Edmunds, a former governor of Dakota Territory. The county seat was initially located in Hillside, but in 1886 it was moved to Ipswich, where it remains today. Early settlers faced numerous challenges, including harsh weather conditions, limited resources, and conflicts with the Native American population.

Agriculture played a vital role in the county's development, with farming and ranching becoming the backbone of the local economy. Wheat, corn, and livestock were among the primary agricultural products. The arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century opened up new markets for farmers and stimulated economic growth.

Over the years, Edmunds County has experienced periods of prosperity and adversity. It has weathered economic downturns such as the Great Depression and the agricultural crisis of the 1980s. However, the county's resilient community has always adapted and found ways to overcome these challenges, preserving its rural character and strong sense of community.

Today, Edmunds County continues to be an agricultural hub, with modern farming techniques and technologies driving the local economy. It also boasts several recreational opportunities, including hunting, fishing, and outdoor exploration. The county cherishes its history and heritage, with various historical sites and museums offering glimpses into its past.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Edmunds County, South Dakota.

  • 1873 - Edmunds County was established
  • 1874 - The first pioneers settled in the area
  • 1880 - The first post office was established in Roscoe
  • 1890 - The Chicago and North Western Railway reached the county
  • 1905 - The county seat was moved from Ipswich to Roscoe
  • 1919 - A devastating tornado struck Roscoe, causing significant damage
  • 1941 - The United States entered World War II, and many residents enlisted
  • 1954 - The county celebrated its 80th anniversary
  • 1970 - The population of Edmunds County peaked at over 6,000 residents
  • 1980 - The Edmunds County Historical Society was founded
  • 2000 - The population of the county declined to under 4,000 residents