The town of Deadwood, South Dakota was a notorious Wild West town, known for its lawlessness and frequent shootouts. Wild Bill Hickok was famously shot and killed in Deadwood's Saloon No. 10.
Custer County, located in the state of South Dakota, has a rich and varied history that spans over centuries. The area was once inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne, who lived off the abundant natural resources offered by the land.

The first European explorers arrived in Custer County in the early 1800s, with the famous Lewis and Clark expedition passing through the region in 1804. However, it wasn't until the 1874 Black Hills Expedition, led by Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, that the area gained significant attention. Custer's expedition discovered gold in the Black Hills, leading to a massive influx of settlers hoping to strike it rich.

The ensuing gold rush brought significant changes to Custer County. The town of Custer was established in 1875, named after George Armstrong Custer, and quickly became a hub for miners and prospectors. The county experienced rapid growth, attracting pioneers from across the country who were lured by the promise of wealth and opportunity.

Several famous events are associated with Custer County's history. One of the most iconic is the Battle of the Little Bighorn that took place in 1876, where Lieutenant Colonel Custer and his troops faced defeat at the hands of the Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne. This battle, also known as Custer's Last Stand, has left a lasting impact on the county and is often commemorated through various historical sites and reenactments.

Today, Custer County continues to thrive with its natural beauty, rich heritage, and thriving tourism industry. The area is home to several national parks and monuments, including the iconic Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Custer County's history is celebrated and preserved in various museums and historical landmarks, serving as a reminder of the county's fascinating journey from Native American territory to a bustling center of the American West.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Custer County, South Dakota.

  • 1875 - Custer County is established.
  • 1876 - Gold is discovered in the area, leading to a gold rush.
  • 1877 - The town of Custer is founded.
  • 1881 - Black Hills National Forest is established, including parts of Custer County.
  • 1898 - Wind Cave National Park is established in Custer County.
  • 1903 - Jewel Cave National Monument is established.
  • 1933 - Custer State Park is established.
  • 1968 - The Crazy Horse Memorial construction begins in Custer County.
  • 1986 - Custer County Historical Society is incorporated.
  • 1998 - The Journey Museum in Rapid City opens an exhibit on Custer County's history.
  • 2005 - Custer County celebrates its 130th anniversary.