National Register Listings in
York County, South Carolina

Afro-American Insurance Company Building Allison Plantation Anderson House Banks-Mack House Bethel Presbyterian Church Bethesda Presbyterian Church Bleachery Water Treatment Plant Brattonsville Historic District Carroll Rosenwald School Catawba Rosenwald School Charlotte Avenue-Aiken Avenue Historic District Clover Downtown Historic District Ebenezer Academy First Presbyterian Church Fort Mill Downtown Historic District Hart House Hermon Presbyterian Church Highland Park Manufacturing Plant and Cotton Oil Complex Hightower Hall Hill Complex Historic District Hill, W. L., Store Kings Mountain National Military Park Laurelwood Cemetery Mack-Belk House Marion Street Area Historic District McCorkle-Fewell-Long House Mills House Mount Prospect Baptist Church Nation Ford Fish Weir Nation Ford Road National Guard Armory People's National Bank Building Reid Street-North Confederate Avenue Area Historic District Rock Hill Body Company Rock Hill Cotton Factory Rock Hill Cotton Factory (Boundary Increase) Rock Hill Downtown Historic District Rock Hill Printing and Finishing Company Sadler Store Sharon Downtown Historic District Spratt Cemetery Springfield Plantation House Stokes-Mayfield House Thornwell-Elliott House Tillman Hall Unity Presbyterian Church Complex US Post Office and Courthouse White House White, John M., House White, William Elliott, House Wilson House Wilson House Winthrop College Historic District Withers Building Witherspoon-Hunter House York County Courthouse York Historic District
The state of South Carolina was named after King Charles I of England, whose father, King James I, granted a charter for the colony in 1629.
York County, South Carolina, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. Native American tribes, including the Catawba and Cherokee, inhabited the area long before European settlers arrived. In the late 1600s, the region became part of the Province of South Carolina, established by the English crown.

During the colonial period, York County was primarily rural, with settlers engaged in agriculture and trade. The area's location along the Catawba River played a crucial role in transportation and trade routes. As tensions escalated between the American colonies and Great Britain, York County saw significant activity during the Revolutionary War. Notably, the Battle of Huck's Defeat in 1780 took place in present-day York County, marking a pivotal point in the Southern Campaign.

After the war, the economy of York County continued to rely on agriculture, particularly cotton cultivation. The arrival of the railroad in the mid-19th century spurred economic growth and facilitated trade with neighboring regions. During this period, textile mills also began to emerge, driving industrialization and transforming the county's economy.

In the 20th century, York County experienced further growth and diversification. The establishment of Winthrop University in 1895 brought a focus on education and helped cultivate a thriving community. The county also became a hub for manufacturing and technology, attracting various industries and contributing to its economic development. Today, York County remains a vibrant region with a blend of historical heritage, natural beauty, and a diverse mix of industries.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of York County, South Carolina.

  • 1785 – York County is established as one of the original seven counties of South Carolina
  • 1823 – Yorkville, later known as York, becomes the county seat
  • 1861-1865 – York County is heavily impacted by the American Civil War
  • 1874 – The Yorkville Female College, later known as Winthrop University, is established in York
  • 1923 – The first paved road is built in York County
  • 1950s – The textile industry booms in the county, leading to significant population growth
  • 1960s – York County experiences significant civil rights movement activity
  • 1990 – Carowinds, a popular amusement park, opens on the border of York County and North Carolina
  • 2003 – The Catawba Indian Nation opens a casino in York County, contributing to its economic growth