Historical Markers in
Sumter County, South Carolina

Battle of Beech Creek / The Civil War Ends In S.C Battle of Dingles Mill Battle of Dingle's Mill Battle of Stateburg Bethel Baptist Church Bethel United Methodist Church Beulah School Birthplace of Mary McLeod Bethune Burwell Boykin / Battle of Boykins Mill Cane Savannah Plantation Church of the Holy Cross Church of the Holy Cross Church of the Holy Cross Stateburg / Holy Cross Churchyard Clara Louise Kellogg Col. David Dubose Gaillard Concord Presbyterian Church Early Charleston Road Elizabeth White House Enon Baptist Church First Baptist Church First Baptist Church Furman Academy and Theological Institution Gen. Thomas Sumter Memorial Highway General Sumter Memorial Academy General Thomas Sumter General Thomas Sumter 1734 -1832 General Thomas Sumter Grave Goodwill Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. Green Swamp Methodist Church Henry J. Maxwell Farm Henry L. Scarborough House High Hills Baptist Church Joel Roberts Poinsett Kendall Institute Lenoir Store Major General George L. Mabry, Jr. Veterans Memorial Park Military Post / Potter's Raid Millford Plantation Mount Pisgah African Methodist Episcopal Church Mt. Zion Methodist Church Oakland Plantation Potter's Headquarters / Federal Order Of Battle Richard Richardson Salem (Black River) Presbyterian Church Site of Furman Academy Site of Manchester Site of The Battle of Dingle's Mill Skirmish at Dinkins' Mill St. Anne Catholic Church St. James Lutheran Church St. Mark's Episcopal Church St. Paul African American Methodist Episcopal Church Sumter District Confederate Dead Sumter Institute Sumter Vietnam Memorial Sumter World War II Monument Sumterville Academy Sumter's Court Houses Sumter's Memorial To Its Brave Soldiers Temple Sinai The Mayesville Story The Tuomey Hospital Thomas Sumter Wedgefield Presbyterian Church William Tennent Y.M.C.A. " Ebenezer "
The first American military victory of the Revolutionary War took place in South Carolina. In 1775, a small group of American patriots led by William Moultrie successfully defended Fort Sullivan (now Fort Moultrie) on Sullivan's Island from a British attack. The victory prevented the British from gaining control of Charleston Harbor and gave a boost to the American cause.
Sumter County, located in the central part of South Carolina, has a rich history dating back to the colonial era. The region was initially inhabited by indigenous tribes, including the Catawba and Congaree tribes. European settlers started to arrive in the area in the early 1700s, with the establishment of a trading post near the present-day town of Sumter.

During the American Revolution, the area played a significant role. The Battle of Fort Sumter, fought in 1780 during the Southern Campaign, was a pivotal moment in the struggle for independence. The fort, located at the junction of the Wateree and Congaree rivers, was assaulted by British forces but successfully defended by American patriots.

After the Revolution, Sumter County experienced rapid growth and development. The county was established in 1800, named after General Thomas Sumter, a distinguished Revolutionary War hero known as the "Gamecock." Agriculture, particularly cotton cultivation, became the backbone of the local economy, and plantation owners relied on enslaved labor.

The Civil War had a profound impact on Sumter County, as it did on the entire South. The county witnessed several significant battles and skirmishes, including the Battle of Dingle's Mill and the Battle of Stateburg. The end of the war brought major changes to the region, as the economic and social structures built on slavery were dismantled.

In the years following the Civil War, Sumter County faced challenges with rebuilding and diversifying its economy. The arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century spurred industrial development, and the timber and tobacco industries gained prominence. Today, Sumter County is a diverse and thriving community, known for its historical significance, natural beauty, and cultural attractions.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Sumter County, South Carolina.

  • 1740: Sumter County established, named after General Thomas Sumter
  • 1780-1781: Sumter County heavily affected by American Revolutionary War
  • 1800s: Agriculture, particularly cotton, becomes mainstay of Sumter County economy
  • 1860-1865: Sumter County impacted by American Civil War
  • 1898: First electric trolley lines introduced in Sumter County
  • 1917-1918: Sumter County residents participate in World War I
  • 1939-1945: Sumter County residents participate in World War II
  • 1950s: Sumter County experiences growth and urbanization
  • 1969: Shaw Air Force Base expands, becoming major economic influence in Sumter County
  • 1990s: Sumter County sees continued economic growth and diversification
  • Present: Sumter County remains a thriving community with a rich history