Historical Markers in
Spartanburg County, South Carolina

156 West Main Street 15th N.Y. Infantry / Harlem Hell Fighters A Bad Situation Gets Worse A Band of Brothers A Rare Glimpse of a Crucial Road Abner Creek Baptist Church Abner Creek Baptist Church AH-1 Cobra Helicopter All Wars Memorial American Legion Memorial Archway Americans in British Uniform Approaching Cowpens Arthur Prysock / Ira Tucker B. Frank Carruth Barnet Park Battle of Cedar Spring Berlin Wall Birthplace Bloody Chaos Boiling Springs Veterans Monument Boiling Springs, South Carolina Calvary Church / Glenn Springs Camp Croft Camp Wadsworth Cantrell Wagon Building Captain Shadrach Inman Memorial Central Methodist Church Cherokee Foothills Church of the Advent City of Chesnee Clifton Baptist Church / First Baptist Church Clifton World War II Memorial Colonel Warren H. Abernathy Highway Converse College Converse Heights Cowpens Depot Cowpens Veterans Memorial Crash Site of USA AF A20G Havoc Daniel Morgan Avenue Daniel Morgan Monument Dexter Edgar Converse District Five War Memorial Don Reno / The Blue Ridge Quartet Dr. Jesse F. Cleveland Junior High School Earle's Ford and Fort Early Iron Works Edward Bomar Emily Elizabeth Dickinson Emmanuel Baptist Church Veterans Monument Enoree Community Veterans Memorial Evins-Bivings House First Baptist Church, Cowpens First Erosion Control Work in the Southeast First Presbyterian Church of Spartanburg, S.C. Flatwood Fort Prince Grave of William Walker / Magnolia Cemetery Greer Area Veterans Memorial Hampton Hampton Heights Historic District Hank Garland / Johnny Blowers Harold Hatcher Hearon Circle Holly Springs Holly Springs Baptist Church Holly Springs Rock Wall Holly Springs School Hugh Porter & Jane Baily McClimon Ibra Charles Blackwood In Honor of the Students of In Hot Pursuit Inman Veterans Monument Inman's Men Bait the Trap Into the Backcountry Jesse Cleveland John B. White Sr., Blvd. Joshua Hawkins Kevin Earl Carper Lake Bowen M106A1 Mortar Carrier Marian Anderson Marysville School McClimons Memorial Mount Zion Baptist Church Cemetery Nazareth Church Nazareth Church Stone Marker Nazareth Frame House New Hope Baptist Church Old City Cemetery Old Rutherford Road Pacolet River Heritage Preserve Palmetto Building Peach Monument Pink Anderson / The Marshall Tucker Band Purple Heart Memorial Ready for the Enemy Reidville Male Academy Reidville Public School Robin Helton Ronnie Eugene Norris Remembrance Fountain S.J. Workman Highway Shiloh Methodist Church Site of Fredonia Spartanburg Confederate War Monument Spartanburg County War Memorial Spartanburg Methodist College Spartanburg Town Clock Spartanburg Water Works The Enemy Within The Main Event The Pacolet River Flood of 1903 The Trap Is Sprung Theron J. Hendrix Memorial Highway Thorne True to Their King Veterans of Foreign Wars Walnut Grove Plantation Walter Hyatt / DesChamps Hood Welcome to Croft State Natural Area Welcome to Glendale Shoals William Walker / Clara Smith Winning the Battle & the War Wofford College Wolfe Creek Baptist Church Woods Fort "Sparky" the Family Train “Kate Barry”
The H.L. Hunley, a Confederate submarine that was the first submarine to sink an enemy warship in combat, was built in South Carolina. The Hunley sank the Union ship USS Housatonic in Charleston Harbor in 1864, but the submarine itself was lost at sea shortly after the attack.
Spartanburg County, located in the upstate region of South Carolina, has a rich history that dates back to the prehistoric era. The area was originally inhabited by indigenous tribes, including the Cherokee and Catawba, who peacefully coexisted with European settlers until conflicts arose in the 18th century.

In the mid-1700s, European settlers began to establish permanent settlements in what is now Spartanburg County. The town of Spartanburg was officially founded in 1785 and named after the Spartan Regiment, a local militia group that fought in the American Revolution. The county quickly grew, attracting settlers with its fertile land and opportunities for trade.

During the 19th century, Spartanburg County played a significant role in the development of the textile industry. The advent of the railroad in the 1850s spurred industrialization, leading to the establishment of numerous cotton mills in the area. These mills, along with the growth of agriculture, shaped Spartanburg County into a thriving economic hub. However, the county also experienced the social and economic challenges of the time, including racial tensions and labor disputes.

In the 20th century, Spartanburg County continued to evolve as industries diversified. The county played an important role in World War II, with several military training bases located within its borders. In the post-war years, Spartanburg became known for its automotive manufacturing, attracting major companies like BMW and Michelin. Today, Spartanburg County is a vibrant and diverse community, known for its strong economy, educational institutions, and historic sites, including Cowpens National Battlefield and Glendale Shoals.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Spartanburg County, South Carolina.

  • 1785 - Spartanburg County is established as a county in South Carolina.
  • 1787 - Spartanburg becomes the site for the county courthouse.
  • 1850s - The completion of the Spartanburg and Union Railroad brings economic growth to the county.
  • 1861-1865 - Spartanburg County is deeply affected by the American Civil War.
  • 1870s - The textile industry begins to thrive in Spartanburg County.
  • 1890 - The city of Spartanburg is officially incorporated.
  • 1920s - Spartanburg becomes a hub for the automobile industry.
  • 1930s - The Great Depression impacts the county, causing economic hardship.
  • 1950s-1960s - Spartanburg County experiences significant growth and urban development.
  • 1970s - Spartanburg becomes a center for healthcare with the establishment of the Spartanburg Regional Medical Center.
  • 1990s - The county sees further economic diversification, particularly in manufacturing and healthcare.
  • Present - Spartanburg County continues to grow and attract new businesses and residents.