South Carolina was the site of the first battle of the Civil War. In April 1861, Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter, a federal fort located in Charleston Harbor. The bombardment lasted for 34 hours and resulted in the surrender of the fort to the Confederates.
Saluda County, located in South Carolina, has a rich history that dates back to the Native American tribes that inhabited the region long before European settlers arrived. The first major European settlement in the area occurred in the mid-18th century when German, Irish, and Scotch-Irish settlers began to establish farms and plantations. The county was officially formed in 1896 from parts of neighboring Edgefield, Lexington, and Newberry counties.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Saluda County's economy centered around agriculture, particularly cotton and tobacco. The area became known for its fertile soil and mild climate, attracting many farmers to settle in the region. The small towns within the county, such as Saluda and Ridge Spring, developed as trading centers and provided essential services to the rural population.

The county faced significant challenges during the Great Depression, as the agricultural sector suffered from falling prices and declining demand. However, the county rebounded during World War II, with increased production to support the war effort. This period also saw the rise of new industries, such as textiles and manufacturing, helping to diversify Saluda County's economy.

In recent decades, Saluda County has continued to adapt and evolve. It has seen growth in sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, and tourism. Today, the county's economy is diverse, with a mix of small businesses, agriculture, and industry. Saluda County remains a close-knit community, with a proud heritage and a commitment to its residents' well-being and continued development.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Saluda County, South Carolina.

  • 1799 - Saluda County was created as part of the state of South Carolina.
  • 1800 - The county's first courthouse was constructed in the town of Saluda Old Town.
  • 1896 - Saluda County's seat was moved to the newly established town of Saluda, which became the county's largest town.
  • 1908 - The Southern Railway built a line through Saluda County, boosting transportation and economic development.
  • 1927 - Construction of the Saluda Dam on the Saluda River began, leading to the creation of Lake Murray.
  • 1947 - Saluda County experienced rapid growth due to the establishment of the Savannah River Site, a nuclear reservation.
  • 1953 - The Saluda County Courthouse, which is still in use today, was constructed.
  • 1989 - The Saluda County Museum was established to preserve the county's history.
  • 2005 - Saluda County celebrated its bicentennial anniversary.