South Carolina was the site of the first battle of the Civil War. In April 1861, Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter, a federal fort located in Charleston Harbor. The bombardment lasted for 34 hours and resulted in the surrender of the fort to the Confederates.
Marlboro County, South Carolina, has a rich history that dates back to Native American settlements in the area. The county was originally named after the Duke of Marlborough in England. European settlers began to establish settlements in the region in the early 18th century. The county was officially formed in 1785, and its county seat is Bennettsville.

During the American Revolution, Marlboro County played a significant role in the fight for independence. It was the site of several skirmishes and battles, including the Battle of Raft Swamp in 1781. The county's proximity to North Carolina also made it a hotbed for American patriots and Loyalists alike.

In the 19th century, Marlboro County became known for its agriculture. The fertile soils and mild climate made it ideal for growing tobacco, and many plantations and farms specialized in its cultivation. The tobacco industry remained a dominant force in the county's economy well into the 20th century.

In recent years, Marlboro County has faced economic challenges due to the decline of the tobacco industry and the loss of manufacturing jobs. However, efforts have been made to diversify the economy and attract new industries. Today, Marlboro County is known for its natural beauty, historic sites, and a growing focus on tourism and outdoor activities.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Marlboro County, South Carolina.

  • 1798: Marlboro County is formed from parts of Cheraws District
  • 1800: Bennettsville is established as the county seat
  • 1814: Marlboro County is named after John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
  • 1818: Old St. David's Church is built, known as the "Welsh Neck Church"
  • 1865: The Civil War ends, leaving the county devastated
  • 1875: The Marlboro Female Institute is founded in Bennettsville
  • 1900: The first tobacco warehouses are built in Bennettsville
  • 1904: The first Marlboro County Courthouse is constructed
  • 1920s: The Bright Leaf Tobacco Market becomes the largest in the world
  • 1960s: The Civil Rights Movement spreads to Marlboro County
  • 1997: Marlboro County High School wins its first state football championship