South Carolina was one of the original thirteen colonies that declared independence from Great Britain in 1776. However, it was also the first state to secede from the United States in 1860, which ultimately led to the Civil War.
Lexington County, located in the central part of South Carolina, has a rich and diverse history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Congaree and Saluda tribes, who relied on the abundant natural resources of the region for their livelihood. European settlers began to arrive in the late 17th century, with the establishment of trading posts and farms along the Congaree River.

During the American Revolution, Lexington County played a significant role in the fight for independence. In 1780, the Battle of Camden took place just outside the county borders, resulting in a major victory for the British. However, the area became a center of resistance against British rule, with militia groups forming to protect local communities. One of the most famous battles of the Revolution, the Battle of Huck's Defeat, was fought in present-day Lexington County in 1780, where Patriot forces successfully repelled a British attack.

After the Revolutionary War, Lexington County experienced rapid growth and development. The introduction of the railroad in the mid-19th century further fueled economic expansion, as industries such as cotton farming, timber logging, and textile manufacturing flourished. The county became a hub of activity, with the town of Lexington serving as the county seat and a bustling center of commerce.

In more recent years, Lexington County has faced both challenges and opportunities brought on by urbanization and population growth. Suburban development, particularly around the state capital of Columbia, has transformed the county's landscape and economy. Today, Lexington County is a vibrant community known for its excellent schools, strong sense of community, and diverse recreational opportunities, making it an attractive place for residents and visitors alike.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Lexington County, South Carolina.

  • 1785: Lexington County is established as one of the seven original counties in South Carolina.
  • 1791: The county seat is established in Lexington.
  • 1861-1865: Lexington County experiences the impact of the American Civil War.
  • 1909: The town of Cayce is incorporated.
  • 1938: The Saluda Dam is built, creating Lake Murray.
  • 1942-1945: Lexington County plays a significant role in supporting the war effort during World War II.
  • 1974: The city of West Columbia is incorporated.
  • 2000: Lexington County's population exceeds 216,000.
  • 2015: Major flooding affects Lexington County and surrounding areas.