South Carolina is the birthplace of several famous musicians, including James Brown, Dizzy Gillespie, and Chubby Checker.
Hampton County, located in the lowcountry region of South Carolina, has a rich history dating back to its establishment in 1787. Originally inhabited by Native American tribes, the town of Hampton was settled by European colonists who were attracted to the fertile land and abundant natural resources. The county was named in honor of Gen. Wade Hampton, a prominent military leader and politician in the early 19th century.

During the antebellum period, Hampton County prospered as a major producer of cotton due to its ideal climate and fertile soil. This led to the rapid growth of plantations and the increase in enslaved African American population. The Civil War had a profound impact on the county, as it experienced significant destruction and loss. Following the war, Hampton County saw a shift in its economy, moving away from agriculture towards industrialization.

Throughout the 20th century, Hampton County faced the challenges of economic decline and racial tensions. The Great Depression hit the county hard, resulting in high unemployment rates and widespread poverty. The county was also deeply affected by the civil rights movement, with protests and demonstrations taking place in the 1960s. However, efforts towards racial integration and equality gradually prevailed.

In recent years, Hampton County has focused on revitalizing its economy through tourism and economic diversification. The county's natural beauty and historic landmarks, including the Hampton County Museum and Fort Wade Cemetery, attract visitors who are interested in learning about its past. Today, Hampton County continues to be a vibrant community, preserving its history while embracing the opportunities of the future.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Hampton County, South Carolina.

  • 1878 - Hampton County is officially established as a county in South Carolina.
  • Early 1900s - The county experiences rapid growth in agriculture, particularly in cotton and tobacco production.
  • 1912 - The first county courthouse is built in the town of Hampton.
  • 1930s-1940s - The county's economy diversifies with the growth of timber and truck farming industries.
  • 1950s-1960s - Hampton County becomes an active participant in the civil rights movement, hosting several pivotal events.
  • 1970s-1980s - The county experiences economic decline as agricultural practices change.
  • 1999 - The Hampton Colored School, later named the Jarrett Community Center, is added to the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 2000s - Efforts are made to revitalize the county's economy through the promotion of tourism and the development of renewable energy projects.
  • Present - Hampton County continues to be known for its natural beauty and rich cultural history.