South Carolina was the site of the first battle of the Civil War. In April 1861, Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter, a federal fort located in Charleston Harbor. The bombardment lasted for 34 hours and resulted in the surrender of the fort to the Confederates.
Calhoun County, located in the state of South Carolina, has a rich and diverse history that dates back centuries. Originally inhabited by Native American tribes, such as the Creek and Cherokee, European settlers began to arrive in the area in the mid-1700s. The region was named after John C. Calhoun, a prominent political figure from South Carolina who served as Vice President of the United States.

During the American Revolutionary War, Calhoun County played a significant role as it was located in the heart of the conflict. Battles were fought along the nearby Congaree River, including the famous Battle of Eutaw Springs in 1781. After the war, settlers began to establish permanent communities in the area, leading to the county's official formation in 1908 when it was carved out from portions of neighboring counties.

The economy of Calhoun County was primarily agricultural, with cotton being the main cash crop during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The introduction of the railroad in the late 1800s played a crucial role in the growth of the county's economy, as it allowed for easier transportation of goods and opened up new markets. However, like many other rural areas, Calhoun County faced hardships during the Great Depression, resulting in economic struggles for its residents.

In the modern era, Calhoun County has witnessed significant changes and growth. Industries such as manufacturing, healthcare, and education have emerged, contributing to the county's economic development. Today, the county is home to farming communities, picturesque landscapes, and a growing population that embraces its historical roots while looking towards a promising future.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Calhoun County, South Carolina.

  • 1732 - Calhoun County is founded as part of the original Orangeburg District.
  • 1770s - The area becomes a hotbed of revolutionary activity.
  • 1800 - Calhoun County is formed from parts of Orangeburg and Lexington Districts.
  • 1855 - The county is officially named after prominent statesman John C. Calhoun.
  • Late 19th century - The county experiences economic growth with the expansion of railroads.
  • 1947 - Lake Marion is created by the construction of a dam along the Santee River.
  • 1960s - Calhoun County becomes a center of civil rights activism.
  • 2005 - The Calhoun County Museum is established to showcase the county's history.