The town of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania was the site of the famous Civil War battle in 1863, which was the turning point of the war and resulted in a Union victory.
Erie County, Pennsylvania has a rich history shaped by its geography and location in North Western Pennsylvania. The area was originally home to Native American tribes such as the Erie, who gave the region its name. The first European explorers, including French and British traders, began to arrive in the late 17th century.

In the 18th century, the area that is now Erie County became part of the larger region known as the Pennsylvanian frontier. The French and Indian War and the American Revolution further shaped the history of the county, as forts and military outposts were established to protect the area from conflict. These events also led to a significant influx of settlers, mostly of European descent, who established farms and towns in the region.

Erie County's strategic location on the shores of Lake Erie made it an ideal location for trade and industry in the 19th century. The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 connected the region to the Atlantic Ocean and led to a boom in shipping and commerce. The county's natural resources, including iron ore and coal, also contributed to its economic growth. The establishment of the city of Erie as a port and industrial center further solidified the county's position as an important hub.

In the 20th century, Erie County experienced both economic prosperity and challenges. The decline of the manufacturing industry in the latter half of the century led to job losses and economic downturn, but the area has made efforts to diversify its economy. Today, Erie County is known for its outdoor recreation opportunities, including Presque Isle State Park, and its vibrant arts and culture scene.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Erie County, Pennsylvania.

  • 1795: Erie County is established as part of the Northwest Territory.
  • 1800: The first settlers arrive in the area.
  • 1803: Erie County becomes part of the newly created Ohio Territory.
  • 1805: The town of Erie is founded.
  • 1812: The War of 1812 begins, and Erie County becomes a key location for naval activities.
  • 1839: The first courthouse is built in Erie County.
  • 1877: The Erie Extension Canal is completed, connecting Lake Erie to Pittsburgh.
  • 1881: The first electric streetcar line is established in Erie County.
  • 1892: Presque Isle State Park is established.
  • 1917: The United States enters World War I, leading to increased industrial activity in Erie County.
  • 1938: The first water treatment plant is built in Erie County.
  • 1959: The Bayfront Parkway is completed, improving transportation and access to Lake Erie.
  • 1983: The Erie Land and Water Transportation System is designated a National Historic Landmark.
  • 2018: Erie County celebrates its bicentennial anniversary.