The first zoo in America was established in Philadelphia in 1874.
Carbon County is located in eastern Pennsylvania and has a rich history dating back to the early 19th century. The county was officially formed in 1843 from parts of neighboring counties. It was named after the vast deposits of anthracite coal found in the area, which played a significant role in shaping its history.

The discovery of coal in Carbon County led to a boom in mining and industrial development. The region became a center for coal production, attracting numerous immigrants who came to work in the mines. The coal industry not only fueled the local economy but also contributed to the growth of the railway system. The arrival of the railroad in the mid-1800s brought further prosperity to the county, allowing for more efficient transportation of coal to other parts of the state and beyond.

During the American Civil War, Carbon County played a role in supplying coal to the Union Army. Several coal mines in the county were important suppliers of fuel for the war effort. In addition, the county saw its fair share of veterans returning from the war, contributing to the growth of the population and the development of the region's infrastructure.

Over the years, the coal industry began to decline, leading to economic challenges for Carbon County. However, the county has diversified its economy by focusing on tourism, outdoor recreation, and manufacturing. Today, Carbon County is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts, with attractions such as the beautiful Lehigh Gorge State Park and the Appalachian Trail. The county also has a rich cultural heritage, with numerous historical sites and museums that showcase its coal mining history.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Carbon County, Pennsylvania.

  • 1818: Carbon County is formed from parts of Northampton and Monroe counties.
  • 1827: The Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company opens the Mauch Chunk Switchback Gravity Railroad, the first roller coaster in the United States.
  • 1843: The town of Mauch Chunk changes its name to Jim Thorpe in honor of the famous Native American athlete.
  • 1850s: The coal mining industry booms in Carbon County, driving economic growth.
  • 1862: The Battle of Packer's Island takes place during the Civil War, with Confederate soldiers briefly occupying Mauch Chunk.
  • 1866: Eckley Miners' Village is established as a model coal mining town.
  • 1870: Formation of the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company greatly improves transportation in the region.
  • 1909: The town of Packerton is destroyed by a massive fire.
  • 1942: Construction of the Pocono Raceway begins, which would later become a famous NASCAR track.
  • 1950s-1960s: Decline of the coal industry leads to economic challenges in Carbon County.
  • 1974: The historic Asa Packer Mansion in Jim Thorpe is opened to the public as a museum.
  • 1995: The Lehigh River is designated as a National Wild and Scenic River, preserving its natural beauty.
  • 2010: Carbon County celebrates its bicentennial.