Historical Markers in
Jackson County, Oregon

A Bridge for a New Century A Town is Born Antelope Creek Bridge Applegate Trail - A Fine Prairie Applegate Trail - A Pretty Location Applegate Trail - Ashland Creek Applegate Trail - Bear Creek Applegate Trail - Down Bear Creek Applegate Trail - Fort Birdseye Applegate Trail - Jacksonville Applegate Trail - Towards Jacksonville Applegate Trail - We Took Breakfast Applegate Trail Pioneers Ashland Cemetery War Memorial Ashland Creek Ashland Lithia Water Ashland, OR Ashland’s Golden Spike Barrow Station Beall Black Walnut Beekman Bank Well Bozo the Clown Britt Sequoia Butte Springs Watershed Bybee Ferry Camp Baker Cat Hill Catholic Rectory China Quarter Citizens Banking and Trust Company City Hall City of Gold Hill Crossing the Rogue Crossing the Siskiyous Cuthbert Building Dardanelles Dead Indian Memorial Road Douglas C. Ingram Memorial Tree Eagle Point Eagle Point National Cemetery Vietnam Memorial Eagle Point Veterans Memorial Enders Building No. 1, 1914 Evan's Ferry Fort Birdseye Fort Vannoy Greensprings Harry & David Comice Pear Trees Historic Applegate Trail Historic Applegate Trail 1846 - 1869 Historic Land Survey Monument History of Local Telephone Service History Right Here - Furniture Fabrication History Right Here - Going for the Gold History Right Here - Horse Powers Jacksonville Cemetery Veterans Memorial Jacksonville’s Rogue River Valley Railway 1891-1925 Keene Creek Wagon Slide Lonesome Hickory Medford Auto Company Building Medford Boomed As Orchards Bloomed Medford Public Library Medford Townsite Methodist Episcopal Church Miles Field Newell Barber Field Oregon Fallen War Heroes Memorial Peter Britt: A Passion for His Garden Peter Britt: Man of Culture and Commerce Replica of the Statue of Liberty Rich Gulch Rising above the Rogue Rock Point Bridge Rock Point Hotel Rock Point, Oregon Rogue River Valley Railroad Depot Route of Route of Historic Applegate Trail Route of Historical Applegate Trail Ruch Safety Follows Wisdom Scion of the Washington Elm Siskiyou Mountain Wagon Road Siskiyou Mountain Wagon Road Siskiyou Mountain Wagon Road Siskiyou Pass Snowy Butte Mill Table Rock Monument The Applegate Trail The Applegate Trail The Britt House: Simple Frame to Cottage Gothic The City of Rogue River The Lure of Gold The Old Stage Road The Old “Tack Room” The Rostel Building The Salmon Ceremony at Ti'lomikh Falls The Salmon Ceremony at Ti'lomikh Falls The Shone-Charley House The Story of LaRue and Earl Morris The Takelma The War Brings Change The Whittle Garage Tub Springs Sugar Pine Undermining the Great Depression US Army Camp White Valley of the Rogue Applegate Trail Kiosk Warren Lodge No. 10 Whiskey Spring and Mt. McLoughlin World War II Three Trees Memorial World War II Veterans Memorial
Oregon was the first state in the United States to legalize physician-assisted suicide. In 1994, Oregon voters passed the Death with Dignity Act, which allows terminally ill patients to obtain a prescription for a lethal dose of medication to end their lives.
Jackson County, located in southern Oregon, has a rich history that spans several centuries. The region was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Rogue River, Shasta, and Takelma people, who lived off the land and developed complex cultures. European explorers, such as Spanish and British traders, started to arrive in the late 1700s, introducing a new era of contact and trade with the indigenous populations.

In the mid-1800s, Jackson County experienced a significant influx of settlers during the Oregon Trail migration. Prospectors seeking gold and natural resources also flocked to the area. The discovery of gold near Jacksonville in 1851 led to a gold rush, establishing the town as one of the major hubs in the region. However, as the gold reserves diminished, Jacksonville’s importance waned, and other communities like Medford began to grow.

The late 19th and early 20th centuries brought rapid development and growth to the region. The arrival of the railroad in the late 1880s opened up new opportunities for trade and transportation in Jackson County. Agriculture became a prominent industry, with orchards, vineyards, and dairy farms flourishing in the fertile valleys. The timber industry also thrived, with vast forests surrounding the county.

Modern-day Jackson County has evolved into a diverse and thriving region. The Great Depression and subsequent changes in the timber industry had a significant impact on the local economy. However, the area adapted and diversified its economy, with a focus on tourism, healthcare, education, and technology sectors. The county is now known for its vibrant arts scene, outdoor recreational activities, and the presence of esteemed institutions like Southern Oregon University.

Overall, Jackson County's history is one of resilience, adaptation, and growth. From its Native American roots to the Oregon Trail migration, gold rush, and subsequent economic changes, the county has continuously adapted to meet the needs of its residents while maintaining its natural beauty and cultural heritage.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Jackson County, Oregon.

  • 1852 - Jackson County established as a county in the Oregon Territory
  • 1853 - First county seat moved to Jacksonville
  • 1855 - Construction of the Jacksonville Courthouse completed
  • 1884 - Ashland becomes county seat, replacing Jacksonville
  • 1920 - First commercial orchard established in Jackson County
  • 1943 - Medford officially becomes the county seat
  • 1964 - Completion of the Lost Creek Dam on the Rogue River
  • 1972 - Creation of the Crater Lake National Park and Preserve
  • 1984 - Completion of the Jackson County Expo
  • 1991 - Expansion of the Rogue Valley International-Medford Airport