Historical Markers in
Seminole County, Oklahoma

Oklahoma has more man-made lakes than any other state in the U.S. Many of these lakes were created by damming rivers and streams, and they provide recreational opportunities for boating, fishing, and swimming.

Seminole County, located in southeastern Oklahoma, has a rich history that begins with its original inhabitants, Native American tribes such as the Seminole, Creek, and Choctaw. These tribes were forcibly relocated to the area as a result of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The Seminole Tribe had a particularly significant presence in the county, and their legacy is still evident today.

In the late 19th century, the region attracted settlers looking to establish farms and ranches. The arrival of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway in 1896 further spurred economic development. Towns such as Wewoka, the county seat, and Seminole became important trade centers, linking the local agricultural communities to wider markets.

Seminole County also played a role in the oil boom of the early 20th century. Oil was discovered near Seminole in 1923, leading to a rapid increase in population and economic prosperity. The discovery of oil not only brought wealth to the area but also attracted individuals seeking employment and opportunities. The oil industry remains a significant part of Seminole County's economy.

Throughout its history, Seminole County has faced challenges, including the Great Depression and natural disasters such as tornadoes. However, the county has shown resilience and has continued to grow and develop. Today, Seminole County is known for its agricultural production, oil production, and strong community spirit. It continues to honor its Native American heritage while embracing new opportunities for growth and diversity.

  • 1907: Seminole County is officially established as a county in the state of Oklahoma.
  • 1870s: Seminole Chief John Jumper negotiates a treaty with the United States government, allowing Seminole tribal members to settle in the area.
  • 1830s: Seminole Indians are forcibly removed from their lands in Florida and relocated to present-day Oklahoma.
  • 1820s: Seminole Indians begin migrating to the southern part of Oklahoma, including present-day Seminole County.
  • 1819: The Adams-OnĂ­s Treaty designates present-day Oklahoma as part of the United States.
  • 1500s-1800s: Various indigenous peoples, including the Creek and Choctaw tribes, inhabit the area that will later become Seminole County.