During the Great Depression, thousands of farmers in Oklahoma were displaced from their land due to drought and dust storms. Many of these farmers migrated to California in search of work, a journey that became known as the "Okie migration."
Logan County, located in central Oklahoma, has a rich history that dates back to the 19th century. The area was originally home to various Native American tribes, including the Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Osage. In the 1800s, following the Indian Removal Act, these tribes were relocated to reservations, opening up the land for settlement.

The first European-American settlers arrived in the area in the late 1800s, attracted by the promise of free land through the Homestead Act. As more settlers arrived, communities began to form, and Logan County was officially established in 1890, with the town of Guthrie serving as the county seat. Guthrie quickly grew into a bustling center of business and government, fueled by the arrival of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway in 1889.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Guthrie flourished as a significant trading hub and the territorial capital of Oklahoma. However, after Oklahoma gained statehood in 1907, the capital was moved to Oklahoma City, causing a decline in Guthrie's prominence. Nevertheless, the town's rich architectural heritage, including well-preserved Victorian-era buildings, remains a testament to its past glory.

In addition to its historical significance, Logan County has also played a role in shaping the culture of Oklahoma. The area is known for its cowboy and Western heritage, with Guthrie hosting annual rodeos and the National Finals Steer Roping competition. The county's diverse landscapes, including the Cimarron River and expansive plains, also attract outdoor enthusiasts who enjoy activities such as fishing, hunting, and hiking.

Overall, Logan County's history is a blend of Native American heritage, pioneer settlement, and the rise and fall of a thriving territorial capital. Today, the county continues to embrace its past while looking toward the future, preserving its unique cultural legacy while embracing economic development and meeting the needs of its residents.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Logan County, Oklahoma.

  • 1890 - Logan County is established as a county in Oklahoma Territory
  • 1891 - The town of Guthrie is designated as the county seat
  • 1893 - Logan County experiences a land rush as settlers claim land in the area
  • 1895 - A territorial jail is built in Guthrie
  • 1900 - Guthrie becomes the first state capital of Oklahoma
  • 1907 - Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory combine to form the state of Oklahoma
  • 1913 - The state capital is moved from Guthrie to Oklahoma City
  • 1934 - The first oil well is drilled in Logan County
  • 1942-1945 - Camp Guthrie, a prisoner of war camp, is operated in the county during World War II
  • 1971 - The Route 66 Museum opens in the town of Clinton