The University of Oklahoma is home to the National Weather Center, which houses over 550 employees from over 30 different organizations, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Severe Storms Laboratory.
Dewey County, Oklahoma, located in the western part of the state, has a rich and diverse history. It was originally home to several indigenous tribes, including the Cheyenne and Arapaho, who inhabited the region for centuries. In the mid-1800s, European settlers began to arrive, attracted by the promise of fertile land and natural resources.

The land that became Dewey County was initially part of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation. However, as settlers and railroad companies moved westward, pressure mounted to open up additional land for settlement. In 1892, the federal government opened the area for homesteading, leading to a rush of settlers staking their claims.

The early years of Dewey County were marked by agricultural development, with farms and ranches dotting the landscape. Wheat, corn, and cattle became the primary sources of income for the residents. The construction of railroads, such as the Rock Island Railroad, further spurred economic growth and allowed for the transportation of goods to markets across the country.

However, the county also faced significant challenges throughout its history. During the Dust Bowl years of the 1930s, severe drought and soil erosion caused widespread devastation in Dewey County. Many farmers were forced to abandon their land and seek opportunities elsewhere. The county, like many others in the region, experienced a period of economic decline until the 1950s when oil and gas exploration brought a new wave of prosperity.

Today, Dewey County continues to be an agricultural and energy-producing region. Its history remains intertwined with the struggles and triumphs of early settlers, Native American tribes, and the challenges of the changing economic landscape. The county's rich heritage is celebrated and preserved through various historical sites, museums, and community events.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Dewey County, Oklahoma.

  • 1892 - Dewey County is established on November 16th
  • 1893 - Taloga is designated as the county seat
  • 1901 - The Great Western Cattle Trail passes through the county
  • 1902 - The construction of the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad begins in the county
  • 1907 - The town of Seiling is established and becomes an important railroad center
  • 1911 - The Oklahoma City and Northwestern Railroad is completed in the county
  • 1920 - Oil is discovered in the county, leading to a boom in population and economic growth
  • 1922 - The town of Leedey is incorporated
  • 1930 - Dewey County reaches its peak population of over 17,000 residents
  • 1953 - The Dewey County Courthouse is built in Taloga
  • 1980 - The population of Dewey County decreases to around 5,000 residents
  • 2009 - A wind farm is constructed in the county, capitalizing on its windy prairie landscapes