Oklahoma was originally intended to be two separate states: Oklahoma and Indian Territory. However, when Oklahoma became a state in 1907, it included both areas.
Beaver County, Oklahoma, located in the westernmost part of the state, has a fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Apache, Comanche, and Kiowa. These tribes thrived in the region due to the abundance of water sources, such as the Beaver River, which provided a vital resource for their survival.

The first European explorers and settlers arrived in the area in the 19th century. In the 1830s, the U.S. government began relocating Native American tribes from the southeastern states to what is now Oklahoma, including the region that would become Beaver County. The tribes were forcibly removed along the Trail of Tears, impacting the area's native population.

In the early 20th century, Beaver County experienced a surge in growth and development, mainly due to the expansion of railroads. The Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad reached the county in the early 1900s, opening up new opportunities for transportation and commerce. Towns like Beaver and Balko were established along the rail lines, attracting settlers and businesses.

Throughout the years, agriculture has been a crucial part of Beaver County's economy. The fertile soil and favorable climate allowed for the cultivation of various crops, including wheat, corn, and cotton. Additionally, cattle and sheep ranching became prominent industries in the region. Even today, farming and ranching continue to play an essential role in the county's economy.

Beaver County's history is a testament to the resilience and adaptability of its people. From its Native American roots to the growth facilitated by railroads and the continued importance of agriculture, the county's history is rich and continues to shape its present-day identity.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Beaver County, Oklahoma.

  • 1832: The area that would later become Beaver County is part of the Cherokee Outlet, which is ceded to the United States through the Treaty of New Echota.
  • 1884: The Panhandle Land Boom leads to increased settlement in the area.
  • 1890: Beaver County is created by the Organic Act and named after the nearby Beaver River.
  • 1891: The town of Beaver is established as the county seat.
  • 1901: The discovery of oil leads to a boom in population and economic growth.
  • 1930s: The Great Depression impacts the county, causing hardship and a decline in population.
  • 1960s: The completion of the Beaver Dam and reservoir provides a reliable water source for the region.
  • 2007: The town of Beaver celebrates its centennial.