Ohio was the site of a major oil boom in the late 19th century, with oil wells producing millions of barrels of oil per year. The town of Lima, Ohio, became known as the "little giant of the oil industry" because of the large number of oil companies headquartered there.
Pike County, Ohio, located in the southern part of the state, has a rich history dating back to the early 19th century. The land where the county now stands was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Shawnee and Delaware.

In 1815, Pike County was officially established, named in honor of Zebulon Pike, an explorer and military leader. The early settlers of the area were primarily farmers, drawn to the fertile land along the Scioto River and its tributaries. The county quickly expanded, with small towns and villages sprouting up, including Waverly, the county seat.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Pike County experienced significant industrial growth. Coal mining became a major industry, attracting new residents and improving the local economy. The arrival of the railroad further spurred economic development, facilitating the transportation of goods and resources in and out of the county.

Despite these periods of growth, Pike County also faced challenges throughout its history. The region was heavily impacted by the Great Depression, with many residents suffering from unemployment and poverty. Additionally, the county experienced destructive flooding events, most notably in 1937 and 1968, causing damage to infrastructure and displacing residents.

Today, Pike County is known for its scenic landscapes and outdoor recreational opportunities. From the forests of Pike State Forest to the breathtaking views of the Appalachian foothills, the county attracts visitors with its natural beauty. Although it has faced its share of difficulties, Pike County continues to thrive, serving as a reminder of the resilience and spirit of its residents.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Pike County, Ohio.

  • Founded in 1815
  • Named after Zebulon Pike, an explorer who led an expedition in Pike County in 1806
  • Early settlers primarily of European descent, including German, Irish, and English immigrants
  • 1821 - Pike County courthouse completed in Waverly
  • 1836 - Ohio-Erie Canal reaches Pike County, bringing new transportation options for trade
  • 1861-1865 - Pike County residents contribute to the Union cause in the American Civil War
  • Late 19th century - Pike County experiences economic growth with the development of the coal mining industry
  • 1928 - Historic Pike County Jail built in Waverly
  • Mid-20th century - Pike County transitions from coal mining to other industries, including manufacturing and agriculture
  • 2016 - High-profile murder case in Pike County gains national attention