The Ohio River, which forms the state's southern border, played a significant role in the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by African American slaves to escape to freedom in the North before the Civil War.

Noble County, Ohio, has a rich history dating back to the early 19th century. The county was established in 1851 and named after James Noble, a U.S. Senator from Indiana who played a significant role in the region's development. Prior to its official establishment, the area was inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Delaware and Shawnee.

Settlement in Noble County began in the early 1800s, with the construction of the first log cabins. The discovery of coal and the subsequent boom in mining activities brought rapid growth to the county in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Coal mining became a vital industry for Noble County, attracting numerous immigrants to the area and contributing to its economic prosperity.

The county's history also includes significant transportation developments. The Marietta and Pittsburgh Railroad, completed in 1857, greatly improved accessibility to the region and facilitated the export of coal. Additionally, the construction of the National Road, which crossed through Noble County, further enhanced transportation routes and brought economic opportunities to the local communities.

Throughout its history, Noble County has faced challenges, including economic fluctuations and the decline of coal mining. However, the county has managed to adapt and diversify its economy. Today, Noble County is known for its natural beauty, outdoor recreational activities, and close-knit communities. The county continues to preserve and celebrate its rich history through various heritage sites, museums, and annual events.

  • 1789 - Noble County established from portions of Washington, Monroe, and Guernsey counties.
  • 1818 - The first permanent settler, Joseph Noble, arrives in the area.
  • 1820 - Noble County officially organized.
  • 1851 - Oil is discovered in Olive Township, leading to the development of the oil industry in the county.
  • 1885 - The county seat is moved from Sarahsville to Caldwell.
  • 1905 - The Ohio and Little Kanawha Railway begins operation in Noble County.
  • 1937 - A severe flood hits the county, causing significant damage to homes and infrastructure.
  • 1957 - The Noble County Courthouse, built in 1854, is destroyed by fire.
  • 1975 - The Noble Correctional Institution, a state prison, opens in Caldwell.
  • 2003 - The Noble County Historical Society is established.