National Register Listings in
Lorain County, Ohio

103rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Association Barracks Allen, Darlon, House American Felsol Company Building Amherst Town Hall Antlers Hotel Avery, Carlos, House Avon Isle Baker, O. T., House Baptist Parsonage, Old Bradford, Henry, Farm Breckenridge, Justin, House Broadway Building Brownhelm Historic District Burrell, Jabez and Robbins, House and Cheese Factory Burrell-King House Cahoon, Samuel C., House Cahoon, Wilbur, House Carlin, Patrick, House Central School Century Block Chapman, John A., House Christ Episcopal Church Clark, Ansel, House Clark, Whitney, House Columbia Baptist Church Columbia Town Hall Commercial Building Congregational Church of Christ Dean Road Bridge Downtown Oberlin Historic District Duane Block Eagles Building Ely Block Elyria Downtown-West Avenue Historic District Elyria Elks Club Elyria High School - Washington Building Evans, Wilson Bruce, House First Church Of Christ, Scientist First National Bank Building First United Methodist Church Garfield, Halsey, House Garfield, Milton, House Garford, Arthur L., House Gould Block Grafton School Gregg House Gunn House Huntington Grange Huntington Inn, Old Huntington Public School Huntington Township Hall Hurst, William E., House Immaculate Conception Church Jewett, Frank, House Johnson Steel Street Railway Company General Offices Building Johnson, E. J., House Langston, John Mercer, House Laundon, Thomas W., House Lersch, John, House Lorain County Courthouse Lorain Fire Station No. 1 Lorain Lighthouse Lorain YMCA Building Lord, Addison, House Methodist Parsonage, Old Mill Hollow House, The Miller, Peter, House Monteith Hall Moore, Leonard M., House Mosher House New York Central Freight House Nichols, Walter, House Nimocks House Nooney, William , House North Ridgeville City Hall Oberlin College Oberlin Gas Lighting Company Gasholder House Oberlin Lake Shore And Michigan Southern Station Old Amherst Freight Depot Old City Hall Old Elyria Water Tower Old Railroad Station Old St. Patrick's Church Palace Theatre Building Redington Block Reefy, Frederick, House Root, William H., House Sage House Seher, William, House Sheffield Village Hall Shipherd, John J., House Smith, Charles William and Anna, House Soldiers and Sailors Monument South Ridge Schoolhouse Sprague House St. Andrew's Episcopal Church St. Ladislaus Roman Catholic Church St. Mary's Catholic School St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church Starr, Horace C., House and Carriage Barns U.S. Post Office U.S. Post Office Union Church United Church of Huntington Wadsworth, Benjamin, House Washington Avenue Historic District Washington Terrace Apartments Webber, A. R., House Wellington Center Historic District Wellington Historic District West House Westervelt Hall Wilber, J. B., House Williams, Henry Harrison, House Wilson-Falkner-Baldauf House Wooster Block
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The first traffic light in the world was installed in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1914. It had only two colors, red and green, and was manually operated by a police officer.
Lorain County, Ohio has a rich and diverse history that dates back to the early 19th century. The region was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, particularly the Erie, Ottawa, and Wyandot tribes. European settlement began in the late 1700s, with the arrival of French and English fur traders and missionaries. The area eventually became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve, a land tract in northern Ohio settled by Connecticut residents.

In 1824, Lorain County was officially established and named after the Lorraine region in France. The county quickly grew in population and became an important center for agriculture, industry, and commerce. The construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal in the 1830s further boosted the county's development, connecting it to the Great Lakes and allowing for the transportation of goods.

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, Lorain County became known for its thriving industries, such as steel production, manufacturing, and shipbuilding. The city of Lorain, in particular, grew into a major industrial hub, attracting workers from various parts of the country. The county also played a significant role during World War II, with many of its industries contributing to the war effort.

In recent decades, as the manufacturing industry declined, Lorain County has focused on diversifying its economy and promoting sectors such as healthcare, education, and tourism. Today, the county is home to several colleges and universities, including Oberlin College and Lorain County Community College. The county's natural beauty and recreational opportunities, including Lake Erie and various parks, continue to attract visitors and residents alike. Lorain County's history and its ongoing efforts for growth and development make it a fascinating and vibrant place to explore.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Lorain County, Ohio.

  • 1807 - Lorain County is officially established.
  • 1812 - The first permanent settlement is established in Elyria.
  • 1832 - The Ohio and Erie Canal opens, boosting the county's economic growth.
  • 1857 - Oberlin College becomes the first coeducational college in the United States.
  • 1894 - Lorain experiences a significant population boom due to the growth of its steel industry.
  • 1905 - Lorain becomes a city.
  • 1919 - The United Steel Workers union is established in Lorain.
  • 1942 - The Ford Motor Company builds a large plant in Lorain, contributing to the county's industrial prominence.
  • 1980 - The decline of the steel industry leads to economic challenges in Lorain County.
  • 1996 - The Lorain County Community College opens, providing educational opportunities for residents.
  • 2010 - Lorain County celebrates its bicentennial anniversary.