Historical Markers in
Jefferson County, Ohio

104 South 4th Street 114 North 4th Street 142 North 4th Street 144 North 4th Street 156-158 North 4th Street 166-168 North 4th Street 328 Market Street 338 Market Street Abraham Lincoln's Visit to Steubenville Amsterdam Veterans Memorial Amsterdam World War I & World War II Honor Roll Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) / Carnegie Library of Steubenville Anti-Slavery Pioneer / Schisms Bell from Holy Resurrection Serbian Orthodox Church Benjamin Lundy Home / Free Labor Store Bergholz Cemetery Veteran's Memorial Bergholz Veterans Memorial Bergholz-Overnight at Nebo Birthplace of Moses Fleetwood Walker Building the Meetinghouse / Abolition Civil War Monument Deyarmonville Edwin McMasters Stanton Elizabeth House Mansion Ellsworth Graham Empire Federal Land Office For Your Todays They Gave Their Tomorrow Fort Steuben Free Labor Store / Benjamin Lundy House Gold Star Mothers Memorial Guy W. Jacobs (1888 - 1973) / Steubenville Rotary Club (April 20, 1921) Heavy MG08 Machine Guns Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church In Honor of Those Who Served Their Country James T. Coffey John D. Kilgore Lest We Forget - Chief Logan Mooretown Soldiers Monument Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Morgan's Raid Moses Fleetwood Walker Mount Pleasant Mount Pleasant Historic Underground Railroad District Mount Pleasant Today / What Is A Quaker? Mount Pleasant's Beginnings / The Testimony of Equality Mt. Pleasant High School North-West Corner of Fort Steuben Ohio River Lock and Dam 10 Site Ohio Valley Steelworker Statue Quakers and Wars During the 1900s / Quakers and the Civil War Saint Peters Catholic Church Samuel Gill House Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton Sgt. Nathaniel Shae Rock Smithfield Society of Friends in Early Smithfield Soldiers and Sailors Monument / Guiseppe Moretti Steubenville's Dean Martin Telegraph Office in the War Department in Washington D.C. during the U.S. Civil War The Eastern-Nearing The End The Steubenville Building and Loan Association Building This Old Federal Land Office Toronto Ohio Mayors Toronto World War Memorial Tuskegee Airmen in WWII U.S.S. Maine United States Post Office and Court House Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Victory Pavilion Village of Stratton Veterans Memorial Park William Pittenger Wintersville World War II Memorial World War II Memorial World Wars I & II Memorial World Wars I and II Memorial "Mr. Fullback" Clarke Hinkle
The Kent State shootings, in which National Guardsmen shot and killed four students during a protest against the Vietnam War at Kent State University in 1970, took place in Ohio. The incident sparked widespread protests and led to the closure of hundreds of universities and colleges across the United States.
Jefferson County, OH, located in the eastern portion of the state, has a rich and storied history. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Mingo and Delaware tribes. The first European settlers arrived in the late 18th century, attracted to the region's fertile land and abundant natural resources.

In the early 19th century, Jefferson County experienced significant growth due to the expansion of the coal mining industry. The discovery of large coal deposits and the construction of the Ohio River and Erie Canal enhanced transportation and trade, leading to a rapid increase in population and economic development. Steubenville, the county seat, became a thriving center for industry and commerce during this time.

Jefferson County played a significant role in the development of the steel industry in the United States. The presence of high-quality coal and iron deposits in the county made it an ideal location for steel production. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, numerous steel mills were established, attracting an influx of immigrants to the area. The steel industry was a major contributor to the county's prosperity, providing jobs and fueling economic growth.

Over time, Jefferson County faced economic challenges as the steel industry declined. The closure of the steel mills in the late 20th century led to job losses and a decline in population. However, the county has made efforts to diversify its economy and attract new industries. Today, Jefferson County is known for its natural beauty, historic landmarks, and recreational opportunities, attracting tourists and providing a range of outdoor activities to locals.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Jefferson County, Ohio.

  • 1786: Jefferson County is established by the Northwest Ordinance
  • 1797: Steubenville, the county seat, is founded
  • 1803: Ohio becomes a state
  • 1812: Jefferson County's population reaches 1,431
  • 1817: The Steubenville and Indiana Railroad is incorporated
  • 1825: The Ohio and Pennsylvania Canal opens in Jefferson County
  • 1861-1865: Jefferson County contributes soldiers to the Union Army during the Civil War
  • 1877: The Steubenville Gas Company is founded
  • 1902: The Carnegie Library of Steubenville is built
  • 1937: The Steubenville Steel Company is formed
  • 1956: Jefferson County's population peaks at 93,929
  • 1990: The Jefferson County Historical Association is founded