The Kent State shootings, in which National Guardsmen shot and killed four students during a protest against the Vietnam War at Kent State University in 1970, took place in Ohio. The incident sparked widespread protests and led to the closure of hundreds of universities and colleges across the United States.
Hocking County, Ohio, located in the southeastern part of the state, has a rich and diverse history that stretches back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Shawnee, Wyandot, and Mingo, who relied on the area's fertile land and abundant wildlife for sustenance. European settlers arrived in the late 18th century, establishing small farming communities and gradually transforming the landscape.

The county's name is derived from the Hocking River, which meanders throughout the region. In the 19th century, the county experienced rapid growth and prosperity, thanks in part to its access to transportation routes such as the Hocking Canal and the arrival of the Ohio and Erie Canal. This led to an increase in trade and commerce, with industries such as salt production and coal mining becoming prominent in the area.

Hocking County played a significant role in the Underground Railroad network during the mid-19th century. Many residents actively assisted escaped slaves on their journey to freedom, providing shelter and guidance along the way. The county's rugged terrain and dense forests provided ideal hiding places for fugitives, making it a crucial stop on the path to liberty.

In more recent times, Hocking County has become a popular tourist destination, known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities. The establishment of Hocking Hills State Park in the 20th century has attracted visitors from all over the country, who come to explore the area's stunning caves, waterfalls, and hiking trails. Today, Hocking County continues to thrive as a vibrant community, preserving its historical past while embracing a promising future.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Hocking County, Ohio.

  • 1803: Hocking County is established as part of the Ohio Territory.
  • 1818: The first permanent settlers arrive in the area.
  • 1824: Hocking County is officially formed and named after the Hocking River.
  • 1839: The county seat is established in Logan, which becomes the largest city in the county.
  • 1850s: The construction of the Hocking Valley Canal boosts economic development in the county.
  • 1860s: Hocking County experiences growth due to coal mining and the railroad industry.
  • 1884: The Hocking Valley Railway is built, connecting the county to neighboring regions.
  • 1920s: Hocking County sees a decline in population and economic activity, partially due to the decline of the coal industry.
  • 1966: The Hocking Hills State Park is established, promoting tourism in the county.
  • Present: Hocking County offers a unique combination of natural beauty, outdoor recreation, and historical significance.