Historical Markers in
Greene County, Ohio

74th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry A Starting Device Albert Baker Football Practice Field Antioch College Antioch College / and Glen Helen April 3, 1974 Xenia Tornado Memorial Ballard Road Covered Bridge Beaver Cemetery/Church Veterans Memorial Beavercreek Veterans Memorial #1 Beavercreek Veterans Memorial #2 Beavercreek Veterans Memorial #3 Beavercreek Veterans Memorial #4 Biplanes to Rocket Science Birthplace of Flight Birthplace of Tecumseh Brigadier General Benjamin Oliver Davis, Sr. Camp Birch Carnegie Library (1907) Cedarville Cedarville Cedarville Civil War Monument Cedarville North Cemetery Central State University Charles Young Civil War Veterans Memorial Clifton Gorge Clifton Gorge Marker Clifton Mill Col. Daniel Boone Collins School Colonel Charles Young House Commuter Flyers Cow Pasture to Flight School Desert Shield - Desert Storm - Persian Gulf Memorial Engle Mill Road Covered Bridge Erastus Mitchell Birch Final Honors First Courthouse of Greene County Flying Field to Air Force Base Follow the Flight Path Galloway Cabin Galloway Hall Galloway Log House / Xenia Tornado, April 3, 1974 George Barrett Cement House Glen Helen Natural Area Godfrey Brown Greene County Civil War Memorial Greene County War Memorial Hallie Quinn Brown Helen Hooven Santmyer Historic Grinnell Mill Historic Little Miami River Historical Clifton Honor Horace Mann Huffman Dam Huffman Prairie Flying Field Huffman Prairie Flying Field In Case of Floods ... In Commemoration of the Courage, Perseverance and Achievement of Wilbur and Orville Wright In Grateful Remembrance John Bryan Kenton's Gantlet [Gauntlet] Kezia Emery Hall (1913) Logan’s Memorial Day Order Lt. Charles Young at Wilberforce University Martin Robison Delany Martin Robison Delany McDonald Stone Quarry Miss that Tree! Moncure Daniel Conway / The Conway Colony Mormon Migration, Kirkland Camp / Facts About Kirkland Camp Old Chillicothe Old Wilberforce University Campus at Tawawa Springs Orton Memorial Paul Robeson Payne Theological Seminary Pioneer Achievements Red Eagles Site of Old Chillicothe Stevenson Cemetery Gate Stevenson Cemetery Veterans Memorial Stevenson Road Covered Bridge Ten Kentucky Soldiers Memorial The Bullskin Trail The First Airport The Sexton Point They Had Done It! Trials in an Old Swamp U Mkvwalamakufewa Tikvmfa / Memorial to Tecumtha Union Meeting House Organized in 1807 / Union Seminary Organized in 1809 Virginia Hamilton War Savings Stamps Wilberforce University / Distinguished Wilberforceans William Maxwell Women Airforce Service Pilots Xenia Station Yellow Springs
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The Ohio River, which forms the state's southern border, played a significant role in the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by African American slaves to escape to freedom in the North before the Civil War.
Greene County, Ohio, has a rich history dating back to its establishment in 1803. The county was named after General Nathanael Greene, a renowned Revolutionary War hero who served under George Washington. Native American tribes, including the Shawnee, had inhabited the region for centuries prior to European settlement.

In the early 1800s, settlers began to arrive in Greene County, attracted by the fertile soil and opportunities for farming. The county quickly became a significant agricultural center, with crops such as corn, wheat, and tobacco playing a vital role in the local economy. The county seat, Xenia, was founded in 1803 and served as an important hub for commerce and transportation.

During the mid-19th century, Greene County saw significant growth and development. The arrival of railroads facilitated the transportation of goods, further boosting the local economy. The county also played a role in the Underground Railroad, with many abolitionists providing aid to freedom seekers passing through the region.

Greene County has a rich cultural history as well. The renowned African American poet Paul Laurence Dunbar was born in Dayton, which was once part of Greene County. Dunbar's work played a significant role in African American literature and his legacy is celebrated today.

In recent decades, Greene County has experienced continued growth and development. The county is home to numerous parks, scenic areas, and historical sites that attract visitors. The economy has diversified, with healthcare, education, and manufacturing becoming important sectors. Today, Greene County remains a vibrant community, proudly preserving its historic roots while embracing the future.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Greene County, Ohio.

  • 1803 - Greene County is formed from portions of Hamilton and Ross Counties.
  • 1804 - Town of Xenia is established as the county seat.
  • 1851 - The Little Miami Railroad reaches Greene County, boosting economic growth.
  • 1900 - The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, conduct experimental flights in Greene County.
  • 1948 - Wright-Patterson Air Force Base is established, becoming an important military installation.
  • 1999 - The Xenia Tornado strikes, causing significant damage to the city.