The Ohio River, which forms the state's southern border, played a significant role in the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by African American slaves to escape to freedom in the North before the Civil War.
Fulton County, Ohio has a rich and diverse history that spans over two centuries. The area that is now Fulton County was first settled by Native American tribes, including the Wyandot, Ottawa, and Potawatomi. European settlers began arriving in the late 18th century, with the first permanent settlement being established in 1820 by Homesteaders from New York.

The county was officially established on April 1, 1850, and named after inventor Robert Fulton, famous for his development of the steamboat. In its early years, Fulton County was primarily an agricultural community, with farming playing a crucial role in the local economy. Crops such as wheat, corn, and oats were grown, and livestock farming also became an important industry.

As transportation infrastructure improved, Fulton County began to experience industrial growth. The arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century allowed for easier transportation of goods, leading to the establishment of various factories and industries. The county became a hub for manufacturing, including steel, furniture, and agricultural implements. This industrial growth brought more jobs and economic prosperity to the area.

Throughout its history, Fulton County has faced challenges and experienced moments of growth and change. It has weathered economic downturns and adapted to societal changes. Today, Fulton County continues to be an agricultural community while also embracing modern industries and technologies. With its scenic landscapes, small-town communities, and rich historical heritage, Fulton County remains a valued part of Ohio's history.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Fulton County, Ohio.

  • 1817 - Fulton County was established by an act of the Ohio Legislature.
  • 1820 - The first settler, Charles Jewett, arrived in the area.
  • 1836 - The first post office was established in the county's largest town, Wauseon.
  • 1850 - The county's population reached 2,849 people.
  • 1854 - Wauseon was officially incorporated as a village.
  • 1870 - The population of the county grew to 10,195.
  • 1880 - The first railroad, the Wabash Railroad, was built in the county.
  • 1888 - Wauseon became a city.
  • 1914 - The county's largest and oldest annual fair, the Fulton County Fair, was established.
  • 1920 - The first concrete road in Ohio was built in the county.
  • 1950 - The population of Fulton County reached 20,466.