National Register Listings in
Butler County, Ohio

Alexander, Dr. William S., House Anderson-Shaffer House Augspurger Grist Mill Augspurger Paper Company Rowhouse #1 Augspurger Paper Company Rowhouse #2 Augspurger Schoolhouse Augspurger, Frederick, Farm Augspurger, John, Farm No. 1 Augspurger, John, Farm No. 2 Augspurger, Samuel, Farm Augspurger, Samuel, House Austin-Magie Farm and Mill District Beckett-Manrod House Benninghofen House Big Four Depot Butler County Courthouse Central Avenue Historic District Champion Coated Paper Company Cochran Farm Dayton-Campbell Historic District Deuscher, Henry P., House Dewitt, Zachariah Price, Cabin Dixon-Globe Opera House-Robinson-Schwenn Building Edgeton Ehresman, Christian, Farm Elliott and Stoddard Halls, Miami University Fitz Randolph-Rogers House German Village Historic District Greenwood Cemetery Hamilton Catholic High School Hamilton Downtown Historic District Hamilton Historic Civic Center Harding-Jones Paper Company District Herron Gymnasium Hidley, James P., Cottage High Street Commercial Block High Street Commercial Block (Boundary Increase) Hotel Manchester Howe Tavern Howell and Anna Powell Farm Hueston, Matthew, House Hughes Manor Hughes School Hunting Lodge Farm Iutzi, Christian, Farm Kennel, John Sr., Farm Kennel, John, Jr., Farm Kumler, Elias, House Lane's Mill Historic Buildings Lane-Hooven House Langstroth Cottage Maltby, Henry, House McGuffey, William H., House Miami-Erie Canal Site Historic District Mill Office and Post Office Morgan Township House Morgan-Hueston House Notre Dame Academy and Notre Dame High School Oxford Female Institute Oxford Railroad Depot and Junction House Pugh's Mill Covered Bridge Rentschler House Rossville Historic District Schrock, Peter, Jr., Farm Scott, John, Barn and Granary Shaw Farm Sigma Aplpha Epsilon Chapter House of Miami University Snider, Dan F., Ford Dealership Building South Main Street District Spread Eagle Tavern-Conrey, James D., House St. Stephen Church and Rectory Symmes Mission Chapel Thomas Select School Tytus, John B., House Unzicker-Cook House Vaughan, John, House Voice of America Bethany Relay Station Western Female Seminary
Ohio was a key battleground state in the 2004 presidential election, with the outcome ultimately decided by a margin of just over 118,000 votes.
Butler County, Ohio, located in the southwestern part of the state, has a rich history that dates back centuries. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Shawnee, Miami, and Delaware peoples. European settlement began in the late 18th century, with pioneers establishing farms and communities along the Great Miami River.

In 1803, Butler County was created and named after General Richard Butler, a hero of the Revolutionary War. The county quickly grew, attracting immigrants from Europe and becoming a center for agriculture and industry. Mills were built along the rivers, supporting the farming economy and contributing to the county's growth.

During the Civil War, Butler County played a significant role. Many of its residents fought in the Union Army, and the county was heavily involved in the Underground Railroad, helping enslaved people escape to freedom. Notable figures from Butler County include abolitionist John Van Zandt and Congressman John A. Gurley, who pushed for the abolition of slavery.

The county continued to thrive throughout the 20th century, adapting to changes in industry. The automotive industry became a major presence, with General Motors and Ford establishing plants in the county. Today, Butler County is home to a diverse range of industries, including manufacturing, healthcare, and agriculture. It also offers a vibrant arts and culture scene, with numerous museums, theaters, and music venues.

Overall, Butler County's history is characterized by its agricultural roots, industrial growth, and commitment to social progress. It remains an important county in Ohio, balancing its heritage with modern economic development and cultural offerings.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Butler County, Ohio.

  • May 1, 1803: Butler County is officially established as one of the original counties of the Northwest Territory.
  • Early 1800s: Pioneers settle in the region, drawn by the fertile land and opportunities for agriculture.
  • Early 1810s: The county experiences a period of rapid growth as more settlers arrive, leading to the establishment of new towns and communities.
  • August 24, 1814: The Battle of Brownstown takes place near what is now Trenton, when British forces led by Major-General Phineas Riall attack an American militia force.
  • 1817: Hamilton, the county seat of Butler County, is officially incorporated as a city.
  • Mid-1800s: The county becomes an important center for manufacturing, particularly in iron production, textiles, and paper mills.
  • Late 1800s: The arrival of railroads further accelerates economic growth in the county.
  • 1913: The Great Miami River floods and causes significant damage throughout Butler County.
  • Mid-1900s: The county continues to develop industrially, with an emphasis on automotive manufacturing.
  • Late 1900s: Service industries and technology companies become prominent in the county's economy.