In the mid-19th century, New York City was the largest slaveholding city in the United States, and the largest slave market was located on Wall Street.
Washington County, New York, has a rich and diverse history dating back to its establishment in 1772. Initially settled by European immigrants, the area was home to Native American tribes such as Mohawks and Abenaki. The region played a significant role in the French and Indian War, as well as the American Revolution.

During the colonial period, settlers in Washington County developed a thriving agricultural community. Fertile soils supported the growth of wheat, corn, and other crops, leading to the establishment of numerous farms. The county's location along the historic Champlain Canal also facilitated trade and the transportation of goods between the northern and southern regions of New York.

The American Revolution had a profound impact on Washington County. The region's strategic location near the Hudson River made it a prime target for both British and American forces. The Revolutionary War Battle of Saratoga, one of the turning points in the war, took place in northern parts of the county. The victory at Saratoga bolstered American morale and convinced France to form an alliance with the United States.

In the 19th century, Washington County experienced significant industrial development. The construction of the Erie Canal provided new opportunities for trade and stimulated economic growth. The county became a major center for manufacturing, with mills, factories, and foundries springing up in towns like Fort Edward and Whitehall. However, with the decline of the canal system in the late 1800s, the county's economy shifted towards agriculture and tourism.

Today, Washington County is known for its charming rural landscape, historic villages, and agricultural traditions. It continues to celebrate its heritage through cultural events, including fairs and festivals that showcase the county's rich history. From its early days as a frontier settlement to its role in shaping American history, Washington County remains a testament to the resilience and ingenuity of its inhabitants.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Washington County, New York.

  • 1772 - Washington County is established and named after President George Washington.
  • 1775 - The Battle of Hubbardton takes place during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed, officially ending the Revolutionary War.
  • 1791 - The town of Granville is founded.
  • 1859 - The town of Greenwich is incorporated.
  • 1875 - The Washington County Fair is established.
  • 1900 - The county's population reaches its peak at over 60,000 residents.
  • 1961 - The Batten Kill Railroad is officially abandoned.
  • 1984 - The Battle of Saratoga is recognized as a National Historic Landmark.
  • 2006 - The Washington County Historical Society is founded.