The first African-American woman to earn a medical degree in the United States, Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler, studied at the New England Female Medical College in Boston, but she completed her clinical studies at the New York Infirmary for Women and Children in Manhattan in 1864.
Tioga County, NY, located in the Southern Tier region of the state, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, primarily the Iroquois Confederacy, who called the area home for centuries. In the 18th century, European settlers began to arrive, seeking opportunities for farming and trade.

The county was officially established in 1791, named after the Tioga River that flows through the area. The early settlers faced numerous challenges, including conflicts with Native American tribes and hardships brought on by the American Revolution. However, the completion of the Erie Canal in the 1820s brought significant growth and development to the region, opening up avenues for transportation and trade.

In the mid-19th century, the discovery of natural resources such as coal and natural gas led to an economic boom in Tioga County. The coal industry thrived, attracting workers and entrepreneurs to the area. The county also became an important transportation hub, with the construction of railroads further enhancing connectivity and economic opportunities.

Throughout the 20th century, Tioga County experienced both periods of growth and challenges. The decline of the coal industry in the early 1900s brought economic hardships to the region, but the county diversified its economy with the emergence of other industries such as manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism. Today, Tioga County continues to thrive as a blend of rural and suburban communities, preserving its historical heritage while embracing modern developments.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Tioga County, New York.

  • 1791: Tioga County is established as one of the original counties in New York State
  • 1785: The first permanent settlement in the county is established at Owego
  • 1800s: Tioga County experiences rapid growth and development with the establishment of new towns and industries
  • 1869: The county seat is officially moved from Tioga to Owego
  • Late 1800s-Early 1900s: The county's economy flourishes with the rise of manufacturing, agriculture, and the railroad
  • 1935: The Southern Tier Expressway (now Route 17/86) is completed, bringing improved transportation to the county
  • 1970s: Tioga County faces economic challenges and a decline in manufacturing industries
  • 1990s-Present: Efforts are made to diversify the county's economy, focusing on tourism, agriculture, and small businesses