National Register Listings in
Richmond County, New York

Austen, Elizabeth Alice, House-Clear Comfort Battery Weed Billou-Stillwell-Perine House Boardman-Mitchell House Brighton Heights Reformed Church Building at One Pendleton Place Calvary Presbyterian Church Christ Church New Brighton (Episcopal) Church of St. Andrew (Episcopal) Conference House Edgewater Village Hall and Tappen Park Elliott, Dr. Samuel MacKenzie, House FIREFIGHTER Fort Tompkins Quadrangle Gardiner-Tyler House Garibaldi Memorial Hamilton Park Community Houses House at 5910 Amboy Road Houseman, Peter, House Houses at 364 and 390 Van Duzer Street Immanuel Union Church Jacques Marchais Center of Tibetan Art Kreuzer-Pelton House LaTourette House McFarlane-Bredt House Miller Army Air Field Historic District Moore-McMillen House Neville House New Brighton Village Hall New Dorp Light Office Building and U.S. Light-House Depot Complex Olmsted, Frederick Law, Sr., Farmhouse Orchard Shoal Light Station, Old Our Lady of Mount Carmel Grotto Poillon-Seguine-Britton House Reformed Church on Staten Island Richmond Terrace Cemeteries Sailors' Snug Harbor National Register District Scott-Edwards House Seaview Hospital Seguine House Silver Lake Cemetery St. Alban's Episcopal Church St. Paul's Memorial Church and Rectory STANDARD OIL COMPANY NO. 16 (harbor tug) Staten Island Borough Hall and Richmond County Courthouse Staten Island Light Stirn, Louis A. and Laura, House Sylvan Grove Cemetery Temple Emanu-El Voorlezer's House Ward, Caleb T., Mansion West Bank Light Station Woodrow Methodist Church
The first African-American woman to earn a medical degree in the United States, Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler, studied at the New England Female Medical College in Boston, but she completed her clinical studies at the New York Infirmary for Women and Children in Manhattan in 1864.
Richmond County, also known as Staten Island, has a rich and diverse history that spans centuries. It is one of the five boroughs of New York City, located in the southwest part of the city. The island was originally home to several Native American tribes, including the Lenape, who had a peaceful existence until the arrival of European settlers.

In 1609, Henry Hudson, an English explorer working for the Dutch East India Company, sailed into the waters around Staten Island. This marked the beginning of European colonization in the area. The Dutch and the English both claimed the island, and it went back and forth between the two powers until the English finally gained control in 1664.

During the American Revolutionary War, Staten Island played a significant role. The British used the island as a base of operations, due to its strategic location between New York City and New Jersey. The notorious Battle of Staten Island took place in 1776, with the British successfully defending their position against an American attack.

In the mid-19th century, Staten Island transformed from a rural agricultural community into a residential suburb. The construction of the Staten Island Ferry in 1886 provided convenient transportation to and from Manhattan, leading to a population boom. The opening of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge in 1964 further enhanced accessibility and facilitated even more development.

Today, Richmond County is a vibrant and diverse borough of New York City, known for its suburban charm, beautiful parks, and thriving communities. It is home to a mix of residential, commercial, and industrial areas, with a rich cultural heritage reflected in its museums, historical sites, and events. Despite its growth and urbanization, the island has managed to preserve its natural beauty and remains a beloved retreat for its residents and visitors alike.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Richmond County, New York.

  • Pre-1637: Native American tribes, such as the Lenape, inhabit the land that will become Richmond County.
  • 1637: The Dutch West India Company established a trading post on Staten Island.
  • 1661: Staten Island is officially incorporated as part of the Province of New York.
  • 1670s-1690s: English settlers begin establishing farms and plantations on Staten Island.
  • 1683: Richmond County is established as one of the original counties of the Province of New York.
  • 1776: Staten Island becomes occupied by British forces during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1783: Following the American Revolution, Staten Island is evacuated by British forces.
  • 1898: Staten Island is consolidated with New York City, becoming one of its five boroughs.
  • 1964: The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, connecting Richmond County to Brooklyn, is completed.
  • 2001: Staten Island is severely affected by the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, as many residents were among the victims.