National Register Listings in
Oneida County, New York

Arsenal House Ava Town Hall Bagg's Square East Historic District Black River Canal Warehouse Boonville Historic District Brick Store Building Bridgewater Railroad Station Byington Mill (Frisbie & Stansfield Knitting Company) Calvary Episcopal Church (former) Camroden Presbyterian Church Clinton Village Historic District Conkling, Roscoe, House Deansboro Railroad Station Dorrance, W.H., House Downtown Genessee Street Historic District Doyle Hardware Building Erwin Library and Pratt House First Baptist Church of Deerfield First Congregational Free Church First Methodist Episcopal Church of Rome First Presbyterian Church Five Lock Combine and Locks 37 and 38, Black River Canal Floyd, Gen. William, House Forest Hill Cemetery Fort Schuyler Club Building Fort Stanwix National Monument Fountain Elms Gansevoort-Bellamy Historic District Grace Church Hamilton College Chapel Hieber, John C., Building Holland Patent Railroad Station Holland Patent Stone Churches Historic District Hurd & Fitzgerald Building Jervis Public Library Lower Genesee Street Historic District Mappa Hall Memorial Church of the Holy Cross Middle Mill Historic District Millar-Wheeler House Mills House Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute Neck Canal of 1730 New Century Club New York Central Railroad Adirondack Division Historic District Norton, Rev. Asahel, Homestead Oriskany Battlefield Otter Lake Community Church Pleasant Valley Grange Hall Rome Elks Lodge No. 96 Root, Elihu, House Rutger-Steuben Park Historic District St. Joseph's Church St. Mark's Church St. Paul's Church and Cemetery St. Stephen's Church Stanley Theater Stanley, Edward W., Recreation Center Sylvan Beach Union Chapel Tabernacle Baptist Church Tower Homestead and Masonic Temple U.S. Post Office, Court House and Custom House Union Station Uptown Theatre US Post Office-Boonville Utica Armory Utica Daily Press Building Utica Parks and Parkway Historic District Utica Public Library Utica State Hospital Utica Steam and Mohawk Valley Cotton Mill Vernon Center Green Historic District Vernon Methodist Church von Steuben, Baron, Memorial Site Waterville Triangle Historic District Weaver, Gen. John G., House Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church Western Town Hall Wethersfield Stone Schoolhouse Whiffen-Ribyat Building Whitestown Town Hall Wright Settlement Cemetery Zion Church
The first woman to vote in a United States presidential election was a resident of Rochester, New York named Susan B. Anthony. She cast her ballot in the 1872 election, for which she was arrested and fined.
Oneida County, located in the central part of New York State, has a rich and diverse history dating back to ancient times. The area was originally inhabited by the Oneida Indian Nation, one of the Iroquois Confederation nations. The Oneida people lived in the region for centuries, engaging in hunting, fishing, and agriculture.

In the 18th century, European settlers began to arrive in the area. In 1798, Oneida County was formed as one of the original counties of New York State. The county's primary economic activities during this time were farming, logging, and trade. Large-scale commercial operations, such as mills and factories, started to emerge in the early 19th century, thanks to the establishment of the Erie Canal, which connected the region to major markets.

During the American Revolutionary War, Oneida County played a significant role. The Oneida Indian Nation provided support to the American forces and were valued allies in the fight against the British. After the war, the county experienced significant growth and development, with new towns and cities being established.

In the 20th century, Oneida County continued to evolve as industrialization took hold. The region became a major center for manufacturing, especially in industries like textiles, steel, and electronics. The area also played a crucial role in the aerospace industry, with Griffiss Air Force Base serving as a research and development site.

Today, Oneida County is known for its rich history, natural beauty, and diverse economy. It is home to several educational institutions, including Utica College and Hamilton College. The county also boasts various recreational opportunities, such as state parks, historic sites, and cultural events, making it an appealing destination for both residents and tourists.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Oneida County, New York.

  • 1798 - Oneida County is formed from parts of Herkimer and Montgomery counties.
  • 1799 - Utica is established as the county seat.
  • 1805 - Clinton becomes the county seat, but Utica regains the title in 1820.
  • 1807 - Construction of the Erie Canal begins, which greatly impacts the county's economy.
  • 1812-1814 - Oneida County plays a significant role in the War of 1812.
  • 1816 - Utica becomes an incorporated village.
  • 1829 - The first railroad in the county, the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad, is chartered.
  • 1843 - Oneida County Agricultural Society organizes the first county fair.
  • 1851 - The first public water supply system is established in Utica.
  • 1870 - Oneida County Historical Society is founded.
  • 1879 - The Utica Curling Club is established, becoming the oldest continuously operating curling club in the United States.
  • 1918-1920 - Spanish influenza pandemic affects Oneida County.
  • 1974 - Griffiss Air Force Base is established in Rome.
  • 1990 - Turning Stone Resort Casino opens in Verona.
  • 2013 - Oneida Indian Nation purchases two golf courses and transforms them into the Atunyote Golf Club.