National Register Listings in
Niagara County, New York

Adams Power Plant Transformer House Ascension Roman Catholic Church Complex Bacon-Merchant-Moss House Bewley Building Bixby, Constant Riley W., House Bond, Col. William M. and Nancy Ralston, House Bradley, Amzi, Farmstead Buildings at Niagara and Seventh Streets Carnegie Library Carter, John, Farmstead Chase-Crowley-Keep House Chase-Hubbard-Williams House Chilton Avenue-Orchard Parkway Historic District Cold Springs Cemetery Comstock, Nathan, Jr., House Conkey House DAY PECKINPAUGH, (canal motorship) Deveaux School Historic District Dick Block, The District #10 Schoolhouse Dole House First Baptist Church First Presbyterian Church First Presbyterian Church of Lewiston and Lewiston Village Cemetery First Presbyterian Manse First Unitarian Universalist Church of Niagara Former Niagara Falls High School Forsyth-Warren Farm Fort Niagara Light Frontier House Gibbs House Harrington Colbblestone Farmhouse and Barn Complex Harrison Radiator Corporation Factory Herschell, Allan, Carousel Factory Herschell-Spillman Motor Company Complex, The High and Locust Streets Historic District Holley-Rankine House Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church Complex Hopkins House House at 8 Berkley Drive Jefferson Apartment Building Lockport Industrial District Lowertown Historic District Main Street Historic District Maloney House Marshall, James G., House Moore, Benjamin C., Mill Mount St. Mary's Hospital Newton, Philo Cobblestone House Niagara County Courthouse and County Clerk's Office Niagara Falls Armory Niagara Falls City Hall Niagara Falls Public Library Niagara Falls School District Administration Building Niagara Power Project Historic District Niagara Reservation Niagara, The North Ridge United Methodist Church Oakwood Cemetery Old Fort Niagara-Colonial Niagara Historic District Oliver, Thomas, House Park Place Historic District Payne Avenue High School Pound-Hitchens House Riviera Theatre Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church Complex Schoellkopf Power Station No. 3 Site Seippel Bakery and Richard Apartments Sheldon, Hazard H., House St. John's Episcopal Church St. Mary's Nurses' Residence Stickney House Sweeney Estate Historic District Taylor, William, House Thirty Mile Point Light Town of Niagara District School No. 2 U.S. Customhouse Union Station United Office Building US Post Office-Lockport US Post Office-Middleport US Post Office-Niagara Falls Main US Post Office-North Tonawanda Van Horn Mansion Walter, Peter D., House Watson House White-Pound House Whitney Mansion Williams, Johann, Farm
The first American chess tournament was held in New York City in 1843, and it was won by a 21-year-old named Paul Morphy.
Niagara County, located in western New York, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Iroquois, Seneca, and Tuscarora. They utilized the region's abundant natural resources and lived in harmony with the land. European exploration of the area began in the 17th century with French explorers, followed by British and American settlers.

In the 18th century, the area was an important battleground during the French and Indian War, with both British and French forces vying for control. The British ultimately gained control of the region, and it became part of the Province of New York. Following the American Revolution, Niagara County was established in 1808 as one of the original counties of the state.

The construction of the Erie Canal in the early 19th century played a significant role in shaping the county's history. The canal opened up trade and transportation routes, leading to increased settlement and economic growth. The Niagara Falls became a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from all over the world.

Throughout the 20th century, Niagara County experienced industrial development, particularly in the manufacturing and chemical industries. However, the area also faced challenges such as economic downturns and environmental concerns. Efforts have been made in recent years to revitalize the region's economy and promote sustainable practices.

Today, Niagara County continues to be a vibrant area with diverse industries, cultural attractions, and natural beauty. It remains a popular destination for tourists, with attractions like Niagara Falls, historic sites, and wineries. The county's history is a testament to the resilience and adaptability of its residents, who have continued to shape and define the region over the centuries.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Niagara County, New York.

  • 1678 - French explorer RenĂ©-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claims the Niagara region for France
  • 1721 - The French establish the first trading post in the area, known as Fort Niagara
  • 1764 - British forces capture Fort Niagara during the French and Indian War
  • 1781 - The Sullivan Expedition passes through the region during the American Revolution, destroying Native American villages
  • 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the American Revolution and ceding the region to the newly-formed United States
  • 1808 - Niagara County is established as a county in New York State
  • 1829 - The Erie Canal is completed, connecting the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean and bringing increased trade and development to the region
  • 1856 - The Niagara Falls Suspension Bridge, the first bridge across the Niagara River, is completed
  • 1885 - The Niagara Power Company begins generating electricity using the Niagara Falls, marking the beginning of the region's role in hydroelectric power
  • 1927 - The Water Pollution Control Laboratory is established in Niagara County, becoming a leader in water pollution research
  • 1956 - The construction of the Niagara Power Project begins, later becoming one of the largest hydroelectric power plants in the United States
  • 1996 - The Niagara Wine Trail is established, promoting the region's growing wine industry
  • 2003 - The Seneca Niagara Casino opens, bringing tourism and gaming to the area