National Register Listings in
Nassau County, New York

Adam-Derby House Aldred, John E., Estate Barkin House Barstow, William, Mansion Beekman, James William, House Bellarose Village Municipal Complex Building at 390 Ocean Avenue Cedarmere-Clayton Estates Central Hall Christ Building Christ Church Church of Our Lady of Kazan Clapham-Stern House Clifton Cobble Villa Cock-Cornelius House Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Historic District Cornell-Van Nostrand House Crowell House Denton Homestead Denton, George W., House Dodge, Lillian Sefton, Estate Dodge, Thomas, Homestead DuPont-Guest Estate East Williston Village Historic District Eastman Cottage Elmwood Execution Rocks Light Station Felix, Pauline, House First Presbyterian Church of Oyster Bay Franklin Square National Bank Glen Cove Post Office Goodyear, A. Conger, House Gould-Guggenheim Estate Grace and Thomaston Buildings Grace Church Complex Granada Towers Greenridge-Arthur Williams House Harding, Stephen, House Haviland-Davison Grist Mill Heitz Place Courthouse Hempstead Town hall Hicks Lumber Company Store House at 103 Roslyn Avenue House at 112 Sea Cliff Avenue House at 115 Central Avenue House at 137 Prospect Avenue House at 173 Sixteenth Avenue House at 176 Prospect Avenue House at 18 Seventeenth Avenue House at 19 Locust Place House at 195 Prospect Avenue House at 199 Prospect Avenue House at 207 Carpenter Avenue House at 226 West Penn Street House at 240 Sea Cliff Avenue House at 251 Rocklyn Avenue House at 285 Sea Cliff Avenue House at 332 Franklin Avenue House at 362 Sea Cliff Avenue House at 378 Glen Avenue House at 474 Ocean Avenue House at 52 Eighteenth Avenue House at 52 Frost Mill Road House at 65 Twentieth Avenue House at 73 Grove Street House at 9 Locust Place Jackson, Samuel and Elbert, House Jericho Friends Meeting House Complex Jerusalem District No. 5 Schoolhouse Jones Beach State Park, Causeway and Parkway System Justice Court Building Kellogg, George Sumner, House Landsberg, William, House Long Island Rail Road Station at Farmingdale Mackay Estate Dairyman's Cottage Mackay Estate Gate Lodge Mackay Estate Water Tower Main Street Historic District Main Street School Manhasset Monthly Meeting of the Society of Friends Matinecock Friends Meetinghouse Mitchel Air Base and Flight Line Monfort Cemetery Moore's Building Moore, Benjamin, Estate Mudge Farmhouse Nassau County Courthouse North Hempstead Town Hall Old Nassau County Courthouse Old Westbury Gardens Old Westbury Gardens-Phipps, John S., Estate (Boundary Increase) Onderdonk, Horatio Gates, House Oyster Bay Long Island Rail Road Station Oyster Bay Long Island Rail Road Turntable Pagan-Fletcher House Pine Hollow Cemetery Planting Fields Arboretum Raynham Hall Rectory of St. George's Episcopal Church Rescue Hook & Ladder Company No. 1 Firehouse Rock Hall Rockville Cemetery and Bristol and Mexico Monument Roosevelt, James Alfred, Estate Roslyn Cemetery Roslyn Grist Mill Roslyn House Roslyn National Bank and Trust Company Building Roslyn Savings Bank Building Roslyn Village Historic District Saddle Rock Grist Mill Sagamore Hill National Historic Site Saint Mary's Chapel Sands Family Cemetery Sands-Willets Homestead Schenck-Mann House Schmidlapp-Humes Estate Historic District Sea Cliff Firehouse Sea Cliff Railroad Station Sea Cliff Village Hall, Library and Museum Complex Seawanhaka Corinthian Yacht Club Shell House, The Smith, Almeron and Olive, House Smith, Stephen and Charles, House Sousa, John Philip, House Springbank St. George's Church St. Lukes Protestant Episcopal Church St. Paul's German Presbyterian Church and Cemetery Stepping Stones Light Station Stewart, A. T., Era Buildings Swan, Edward H., House Titus, Willet, House Toll Gate House Trinity Church Complex Underhill, George, House United Stated Merchant Marine Academy US Post Office-Freeport US Post Office-Garden City US Post Office-Glen Cove US Post Office-Great Neck US Post Office-Hempstead US Post Office-Long Beach US Post Office-Mineola US Post Office-Oyster Bay US Post Office-Rockville Centre Vaisberg, Samuel, House Valley Road Historic District Wantagh Railroad Complex Warner, Samuel Adams, House Willowmere Woolworth Estate
The New York City subway system, which opened in 1904, was the first rapid transit system in the world. The original line ran from City Hall to 145th Street in Harlem.
Nassau County, located on Long Island, New York, has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples, including the Lenape tribe, who lived off the land and engaged in trade with Europeans. In the 17th century, Dutch and English settlers established farms and villages on the island, including Hempstead and Oyster Bay, which are among the oldest English-speaking settlements in the United States.

During the American Revolutionary War, Nassau County played a significant role. British troops occupied Long Island, and the Battle of Long Island, fought in 1776, resulted in a decisive British victory. The county's proximity to New York City made it a strategically important location and it served as a base for British forces throughout the conflict. However, after the war, the region experienced significant growth and development, with new towns and settlements established.

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Nassau County became a popular destination for wealthy New York City residents seeking summer retreats. The construction of the Long Island Rail Road in the 1830s made the area more accessible, leading to the establishment of luxurious mansions and resorts, particularly along the Gold Coast. This era of opulence and extravagance was immortalized in F. Scott Fitzgerald's classic novel, "The Great Gatsby."

Following World War II, Nassau County experienced rapid suburbanization. Affordable housing, improved transportation infrastructure, and the post-war economic boom attracted large numbers of families to the area. With the construction of highways and the expansion of suburban developments, Nassau County transformed into a growing residential and commercial hub.

Today, Nassau County remains a thriving and diverse region, with a mix of suburban neighborhoods, bustling commercial centers, and vibrant cultural attractions. It continues to be an attractive destination for residents, tourists, and businesses alike, offering a blend of history, natural beauty, and modern amenities.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Nassau County, New York.

  • 1643 - Dutch colonists settle in present-day Nassau County.
  • 1664 - English takes control from the Dutch.
  • 1784 - The Town of North Hempstead is established.
  • 1806 - The Town of Oyster Bay is incorporated.
  • 1859 - Long Island Rail Road is extended to east of Brooklyn, opening up Nassau County.
  • 1899 - Nassau County is officially formed.
  • 1922 - Levittown, the first true suburb of Nassau County, is developed.
  • 1947 - Post-World War II suburban development booms in Nassau County.
  • 1999 - Nassau Coliseum is opened.