Historical Markers in
Montgomery County, New York

18th Century Home 1964 Bell UH-1D Iroquoi “Huey” 5th Ward War Memorial A Liberty Pole A Mohawk House Unearthed Adriucha Amos Clayton Amsterdam World War Memorial Ancient Salt Springs Anti Slavery Soc. Army Camp Associate Church Baptist Church Battle of Stone Arabia Bollards Building Block of the Erie Canal Burton House Burtonville Calvary Reformed Camp Mohawk Can-a-Gor-Ha Canagere Canajoharie Canajoharie Academy Canajoharie/Canalway Trail/Pathway Through Mountains Canal Builder Canal Dams Caughnawaga Caughnawaga 1667 - 1780 Caughnawaga Castle Site Caughnawga Church Cemetery 1774 Center of Operations Chester B. Hoke Christian Church Christopher P. Yates Chuctanunda Terrace Site Claus Mansion Clinton March Clinton Road Col. Jacob Klock Connolly Inn Court House Currytown Reformed Church Dam. That's Not a Bridge? Danascara Place Diefendorf Hall Donato (Dan) Persico, Chief T/M Douw Fonda Early Militia Training East Guard Lock Enoch Ambler Flint Homesite Fonda Fonda Cemetery Fonda Tavern Former Dutch Reformed Church Fort Failing Fort Frey Fort Johnson Fort Johnson, 1749 Fort Klock Fort Lewis Fort Paris Fort Plain Fort Plain Free Library Fort Plain War Memorial Fort Wagner Frederick Getman Friends Meeting Fultonville Union Free High School Green Hill Cemetery Greene House Grist Mill Guy Park Guy Park, 1766 Healey's Park Henry Seeber Herkimer Home - 1764 History of the Buoy Boat Hurricana Stock Farm In the Wake of Hurricane Irene Indian Trail & Military Road Isaac Jogues Jacob Zimmerman Jail Limit Marker James Allin Inn James Mereness James Shanahan John Frey Johnson Hall - 1763 Johnson Trail Kateri Tekakwitha Kateri's Home Keator's Rift Kirk Douglas Klock Fort Klock’s Church Klock’s Field Liberty Pole Lock 30 Loucks Tavern Major General Richard Montgomery Manny’s Corners Cemetery Margaret Houck Mill Stones Minaville World War Memorial Mohawk Area Mohawk Area Mohawk Town Montgomery County Korean War Veterans Monument Nellis Tavern North American T-2 Buckeye United States Naval Test Pilot School Northeastern Terminal Old Hagaman Cemetery 1774 Old Manny Inn Once A Farm Original Erie Canal Ossernenon Palatine Evangelical Lutheran Church Parrot Rifle Pawling Hall Peggy Wemple Tavern and Mill Pettengill Home Putman's Lock Grocery Pvt. Frank J. Sirchia Memorial Reformed Dutch Church of Caughnawaga Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Routes of the Armies Sammons Home Samuel Tallmadge Grave Site Sand Hill Sand Hill School Sanford Mansion Schoharie Crossing Scotch Church Cemetery Shaper Quarry Site of First Bridge Site of Johannes Reuff's Tavern Site of Last Mohawk Indian Village Site of Old Fort Hunter Site of Queen Anne Chapel Site of The Battle of Oriskany Slate Creek Farm Spraker Inn St. Johnsville War Memorial Stone Arabia Sullivan-Clinton Campaign Sweet Canal Store Ta-Ra-Jo-Rees Te-No-To-Ge The 115th & 153rd Regiments The Canalway Trail: Canajoharie/ To Market, to Market The Canalway Trail: Sprakers / Competition / Anything & Everything The Erie Canal The Erie Canal The Erie Canal The Erie Canal The Erie Canal The Erie Canal The Fort by the Village The Mohawk Valley The Mohawk Valley The Mohawk Valley The Mohawk Valley The Mohawk Valley & The Barge Canal The National Martyrs' Shrine of America The Orchard at Old Fort Johnson The Schoharie Aqueduct Then and Now This is Mohawk Country This Is Mohawk Country This Vicinity Raided Thomas Romeyn Town of Charleston Town of Florida Veterans Memorial Town of Glen Transportation is King / Modernization Tribes Hill World War II Memorial Tryon County 1772-1784 Montgomery County 1784 Van Alstyne Homestead Van Epps Home Veeder Home Volkert Veeder Volkert Vrooman Wagner Home War Memorial/ Honor Roll Welcome to St. Johnsville Wemple Tavern Widow Susan Road William McConkey Grave Site Yanney Mill "Mother Lake"
In the mid-19th century, New York City was the largest slaveholding city in the United States, and the largest slave market was located on Wall Street.
Montgomery County, located in upstate New York, has a rich and diverse history that spans hundreds of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Mohawk and the Iroquois Confederacy. European colonists arrived in the 17th century, establishing trade relationships and settlements with the Native Americans.

The county was officially established in 1772 and named after General Richard Montgomery, a hero of the American Revolutionary War. During the war, the area played a significant role as a military supply hub and battleground. Notably, the Battle of Oriskany in 1777 was a pivotal encounter in which American forces fought British loyalists and Native American allies.

In the early 19th century, Montgomery County experienced a boom in industrialization and commerce. The Erie Canal, completed in 1825, passed through the county, bringing increased trade and prosperity. Factories and mills sprang up along the canal, harnessing its power for manufacturing and contributing to the county's economic growth.

Throughout the 20th century, Montgomery County faced various challenges and changes. Deindustrialization and the decline of manufacturing industries led to economic struggles. However, efforts to diversify the economy were undertaken, with tourism and agriculture becoming increasingly important sectors. Today, the county continues to grow and adapt, preserving its heritage while embracing new opportunities for development and prosperity.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Montgomery County, New York.

  • 1772 - Montgomery County is established as a county in the state of New York.
  • 1776 - The American Revolutionary War begins, and Montgomery County becomes an important area for military operations.
  • 1784 - The county seat is established in the village of Johnstown.
  • 1793 - The Erie Canal is constructed, providing a major transportation route through Montgomery County.
  • 1803 - The village of Amsterdam is incorporated.
  • 1838 - The Montgomery County Courthouse in Johnstown is destroyed by fire.
  • 1855 - The Fonda, Johnstown, and Gloversville Railroad is completed, improving transportation in the county.
  • 1869 - The Beech-Nut packing company is founded in Canajoharie.
  • 1960 - The construction of the New York State Thruway begins, connecting Montgomery County to the rest of the state.
  • 1974 - The county's population reaches its peak at over 100,000 residents.
  • 2020 - Today, Montgomery County is a rural area known for its historical attractions and natural beauty.