National Register Listings in
Essex County, New York

Adsit Log House Aiken, Abraham, House Amherst Avenue Historic District Asgaard Farm Ausable Club Barngalow Beer's Bridge Black Watch Library Bogie Cottage Brown, John, Farm and Gravesite Burleigh, H. G., House Camp Dudley Road Historic District Camp Santanoni Central Powerhouse Central School Church of the Nazarene Clark House Clark, Peyton, Cottage Community Building Coulter Cottage Crandall Marine Railway Crown Point Green Historic District Cure Cottage at 43 Forest Hill Avenue Delano, Clayton H., House Delaware & Hudson Railroad Depot Denny Cottage Edgewater Farm Essex County Fairgrounds Essex County Home and Farm Essex County Municipal Complex Essex Village Historic District Fallon Cottage Annex Ferris House First Congregational and Presbyterian Society Church of Westport First Congregational Church and Cemetery Flat Rock Camp Fort Crown Point Fort St. Frederic Fort Ticonderoga Frazier Bridge Fried, Samson, Estate Gilligan and Stevens Block Gooley Club Hancock House Hand-Hale Historic District Helen Hill Historic District Henry's Garage Highland Park Historic District Hubbard Hall Hurricane Mountain Fire Observation Station Ironville Historic District Keene Valley Country Club Keene Valley Library Keith and Branch Ford Motors Factory and Showroom Kennedy Cottage Lake George Avenue Historic District Lake View Grange No. 970 Lane Cottage Larom-Welles Cottage Leetch, Dr. Henry, House Lent Cottage Liberty Monument Ligonier Point Historic District Marquay Cottage Marvin Cottage Moore, Silas B., Gristmill Morgan Cottage Moriah Town Office Building Mount Adams Fire Observation Station Mount Moriah Presbyterian Church Mt. Van Hoevenberg Olympic Bobsled Run North-Sprague Farm Notman Bridge NYS Armory Octagonal Schoolhouse PAD Factory, The Partridge Cottage Pittenger Cottage Poke-O-Moonshine Mountain Fire Observation Station Port Henry Fire Department Building Putnam Camp Ranney Bridge Rembrandt Hall Sheldon-Owens Farm Sherman Free Library Slater Bridge Stevenson Cottage Tahawus Masonic Lodge Talichito Ticonderoga High School Ticonderoga National Bank Ticonderoga Pulp and Paper Company Office Tomlinson House Trudeau Sanatorium Uplands, The US Post Office-Lake Placid US Post Office-Ticonderoga Van Ornam & Murdock Block Walton Bridge Watson, Elkanah, House Wells Memorial Library Wellscroft Westport Historic District Whiteface Veterans Memorial Highway Complex Will Rogers Memorial Hospital Willsboro Congregational Church Willsboro School, The Wilmington Bridge Witherbee Memorial Hall
The New York City subway system, which opened in 1904, was the first rapid transit system in the world. The original line ran from City Hall to 145th Street in Harlem.
Essex County, located in northeastern New York, has a rich and diverse history that stretches back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by the Iroquoian-speaking Native American tribes, including the Mohawk and Abenaki peoples. These tribes utilized the dense forests for hunting, fishing, and gathering resources.

The arrival of European settlers in the 17th century brought significant changes to Essex County. French explorers, including Samuel de Champlain, extensively mapped the region and established fur trading posts. However, the area eventually fell under British control, leading to conflicts between the British and French during the French and Indian War.

During the American Revolution, Essex County played a significant role. The region was strategically important due to its proximity to Lake Champlain, a major waterway connecting New York and Canada. The Battle of Saratoga, a turning point in the war, took place just south of the county's borders in 1777. Essex County residents actively participated in the conflict, with some joining the militias and others supporting the cause through supplies and provisions.

In the 19th century, the county experienced a boom in industrialization. The expansion of transportation networks, such as the Champlain Canal and the railroad, facilitated the growth of industries like lumbering, mining, and iron production. The Iron Center in Essex County, particularly in the town of Mineville, became a leading center for iron mining and the production of iron ore. However, the decline of these industries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries left the county facing economic challenges.

Today, Essex County is known for its stunning natural environment, including the Adirondack Mountains, Lake Champlain, and numerous hiking and skiing trails. It continues to attract visitors for outdoor recreational activities and is home to charming towns and villages that showcase the region's rich history.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Essex County, New York.

  • 1615: Dutch explorer Adriaen Block is the first European to explore the region.
  • 1664: Essex County becomes part of the Province of New York after the English capture New Netherland.
  • 1777: The Battle of Saratoga takes place, a significant turning point in the Revolutionary War, with some action in Essex County.
  • 1785: Essex County is established as one of the original counties of the State of New York.
  • 1822: The first settlement in the Adirondacks is established in Essex County by Pliny Moore.
  • 1849: Iron ore mining becomes a major industry in the region, leading to rapid growth in Essex County.
  • 1892: Lake Placid Club, a popular vacation destination and site of 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympic Games, is established.
  • 1901: The Adirondack Park is created, encompassing a large portion of Essex County.
  • 1932: Lake Placid hosts the Winter Olympics, bringing international attention to Essex County.
  • 1980: Lake Placid hosts the Winter Olympics for the second time, making it the only town in the United States to host the event twice.
  • Present: Essex County is known for its natural beauty, outdoor recreational opportunities, and historical significance.