National Register Listings in
Erie County, New York

20th Century Club 33-61 Emerson Place Row Adam, J.N.-AM&A Historic District Albright-Knox Art Gallery Allentown Historic District Allentown Historic District (Boundary Increase) Alling & Cory Buffalo Warehouse American Grain Complex American Radiator Company Factory Complex Annunciation School Automobile Club of Buffalo Baker Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church Baptist Church of Springville, The Barcalo Manufacturing Company Factory Berkeley Apartments Birge-Horton House Blessed Trinity Roman Catholic Church Buildings Broadway Historic District Bruce-Briggs Brick Block Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Buffalo City Hall Buffalo Club, The Buffalo Electric Vehicle Company Building Buffalo Gas Light Company Works Buffalo General Electric Complex Buffalo Harbor South Entrance Light Buffalo Main LIght Buffalo Meter Company Building Buffalo Milk Company Building Buffalo North Breakwater South End Light Buffalo Public School #24 (PS 24) Buffalo Public School #63 (PS 63) Buffalo Public School #78 (PS 78) Buffalo Public School No. 44 (PS44) Buffalo Public School No. 51 Buffalo Public School No. 57 (PS 57) Buffalo Public School No. 77 (PS 77) Buffalo Seminary Buffalo Smelting Works Buffalo State Asylum for the Insane Buffalo State Hospital Buffalo Tennis and Squash Club Buffalo Trunk Manufacturing Company Building Buffalo Zoo Entrance Court Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Railroad Station Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railway Station Burt, F.N., Company Factory Burt, F.N., Company Factory "C" Calumet, The Cazenovia Park-South Park System Central Avenue Historic District Chandler Street Industrial Buildings Chapel of Our Lady Help of Christians Citizens National Bank CLARA BROWN (sloop) Clark-Lester House Coles, Robert T., House and Studio Colonial Flats and Annex Colored Musicians Club COLUMBIA (steamer) Community of True Inspiration Residence Concordia Cemetery Concrete-Central Elevator Connecticut Street Armory Corpus Christi R.C. Church Complex County and City Hall Curtiss, Harlow C., Building Dayton House Delaware Avenue Historic District Delaware Avenue Medical Center Delaware Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church Delaware Park-Front Park System Depew High School DePew Lodge No. 823, Free and Accepted Masons Diebolt, Edward A., House Dorsheimer, William, House Durham Memorial A.M.E. Zion Church E. & B. Holmes Machinery Company Building East Hill Historic District East Main-Mechanic Streets Historic District Eberhardt Mansion Eberz House EDWARD M. COTTER (fireboat) Elmwood Historic District East Elmwood Historic District-West Engine House # 2 and Hook & Ladder # 9 Engine House No. 28 Entranceway at Main Street at Darwin Drive Entranceway at Main Street at High Park Boulevard Entranceway at Main Street at Lafayette Boulevard Entranceway at Main Street at LeBrun Road Entranceway at Main Street at Roycroft Boulevard Entranceway at Main Street at Westfield Road and Ivyhurst Road Entranceways at Main Street at Lamarck Drive and Smallwood Drive Eshelman, J., and Company Store Faith Missionary Baptist Church Fargo Estate Historic District Fiddlers Green Historic District Fillmore, Millard, House First Church of Evans Complex First Unitarian Church of Buffalo Forest Lawn Cemetery Fosdick-Masten Park High School Gamel Hexadecagon Barn Garret Club Garrison Cemetery General Electric Tower Graycliff Hager, E.M. & Sons Company, Building Hamburg Main Street Historic District Hamlin Park Historic District Hayes, Edmund B., Hall Hellenic Orthodox Church of the Annunciation Hotel Lafayette Houk Manufacturing Co. House at 218 Dearborn Street How, James and Fanny, House Howell, Edgar W., House Hull, Warren, House Huyler Building, The Ingleside Home Johnson-Jolls Complex Johnston, Edwin M. and Emily S., House Kamman, Building, The Kelly, Col. William, House Kensington Gardens Apartment Complex Kibler High School King, Martin Luther, Jr., Park Kleinhans Music Hall Kreiner Malt House and Grain Elevator Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian Church Lafayette Flats Lafayette High School Lancaster District School No. 6 Lancaster Municipal Building Laurel and Michigan Avenues Row Liebler-Rohl Gasoline Station Linde Air Products Factory Macedonia Baptist Church Market Street Historic District Martin, D. D., House Complex Martin, Darwin D., House Meldrum, H.J., Company Building Mentholatum Company Building, The Miller, C.W., Livery Stable Miller-Mackey House Monarch Knitting Company Factory NASH (harbor tug) Nash, Rev. J. Edward, Sr., House New York Central Black Rock Freight House New York Central Terminal Niagara Lithograph Company Niagara Machine and Tool Works Factory North Park Branch Library Nowak, Dr. John J., House Our Mother of Good Counsel Roman Catholic Church Complex Packard Motor Car Showroom and Storage Facility Parke Apartments Parkside Candy Shoppe and Factory Parkside East Historic District Parkside West Historic District Pierce Arrow Factory Complex Pioneer Cemetery Prospect Hill Historic District Prudential Building Public School No. 60 Reformed Mennonite Church, Former Rich-Twinn Octagon House Richardson, John, House Richmond Avenue Methodist-Episcopal Church Rider-Hopkins Farm and Olmstead Camp Riverside Park Robertson-Cataract Electric Building Roosevelt, Theodore, Inaugural National Historic Site Roycroft Campus Sardinia Old Town Hall Saturn Club Schaefer and Brother Malt House Scheidemantel, George and Gladys, House School 13 Scobey Power Plant and Dam Seneca Plumbing and Heating Company Building Shea's Buffalo Theater Shea's Seneca Building Sibley and Holmwood Candy Factory and Witkop and Holmes Headquarters Sinclair, Rooney & Co. Building Sommers, John P. House South Buffalo North Side Light Spaulding-Sidway Boathouse St. Andrew's Episcopal Church St. Andrew's Evangelical Lutheran Church Complex St. Francis Xavier Roman Catholic Parish Complex St. Mary of the Angels Motherhouse Complex St. Matthias Episcopal Church Complex St. Paul's Episcopal Cathedral St. Rose of Lima Roman Catholic Church Complex St. Stephen's Roman Catholic Church Complex St. Teresa's Roman Catholic Church Complex St. Thomas Aquinas Roman Catholic Church Complex Stone Farmhouse Sts. Peter and Paul Orthodox Church Complex Taylor Signal Company-General Railway Signal Company Temple Beth Zion The Karnak Flats The Rae Flats and The Raleigh Thomas Indian School Tishman Building Tonawanda (25th Separate Company) Armory Tonawanda Municipal Building Trico Plant No. 1 Trinity Episcopal Church Turner Brothers' Building-American Household Storage Company U.S. Post Office University Heights-Summit Park-Berkshire Terrace Historic District University Park Historic District University Presbyterian Church US Post Office-Akron US Post Office-Angola US Post Office-Depew US Post Office-Lancaster US Post Office-Springville US Post Office-Tonawanda USS CROAKER (submarine) USS THE SULLIVANS (destroyer) VanPeyma, Herman B., House Villa Maria Motherhouse Complex Virginia, The Wayne, The and The Waldorf Apartments West End Historic District West Village Historic District Westminster House Club House Wile, M., and Company Factory Building Williamsville Christian Church Williamsville Junior and Senior High School Williamsville Water Mill Complex Wollenberg Grain and Seed Elevator Woodlawn Avenue Row Young Men's Christian Association Central Building Ziegele-Phoenix Refrigeration House and Office Zink Block, The Zuidema-Idsardi House
In 1777, the Battle of Saratoga took place in upstate New York and is considered a turning point in the American Revolution. It was the first major American victory and led to France recognizing the United States as a sovereign nation and entering the war as an ally.
Erie County, located in western New York state, has a rich and diverse history that dates back to ancient times. The area was originally inhabited by Indigenous peoples, primarily the Seneca Nation of Indians. In the 17th century, European explorers, traders, and missionaries arrived, with the French establishing a brief presence in the region. However, after the French and Indian War, control over the area shifted to the British.

In the late 18th century, following the American Revolution, the region that is now Erie County became part of the newly formed United States. The area experienced significant growth and development in the early 19th century, with the construction of the Erie Canal, a transformative project connecting the Great Lakes to the Hudson River, passing through the county. This led to the expansion of trade and commerce and attracted settlers from various parts of the country.

Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, Erie County continued to thrive, becoming a center for industry and innovation. Buffalo, the county's largest city and the second-largest city in New York, played a crucial role in the development of transportation and manufacturing. It was a major hub for the Great Lakes shipping industry and became known as the "Queen City of the Great Lakes." The county also saw advancements in education and culture, with the establishment of schools, libraries, and cultural institutions.

In recent decades, Erie County has faced economic challenges due to deindustrialization and changes in the global economy. However, efforts have been made to diversify the economy and promote revitalization. Today, the county is known for its natural beauty, with attractions such as Niagara Falls and the Buffalo waterfront. It is also home to a vibrant arts and cultural scene, as well as several universities and research institutions. Erie County continues to evolve, embracing its rich history while looking towards a promising future.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Erie County, New York.

  • 1679 - French explorer Robert de La Salle claims the area for France
  • 1758 - British forces capture the area during the French and Indian War
  • 1784 - The Sullivan Expedition destroys Native American villages in the area
  • 1800 - The Holland Land Company purchases the land from the Seneca Nation
  • 1810 - Buffalo becomes the first town in Erie County
  • 1812-1814 - Erie County sees battles during the War of 1812
  • 1821 - Erie County is officially established
  • 1825 - Completion of the Erie Canal boosts the county's economy
  • 1848 - Construction of the Buffalo and New York City Railroad begins
  • 1851 - Buffalo's population exceeds 42,000 people
  • 1872 - The Buffalo Zoo opens, becoming the third oldest zoo in the country
  • 1884 - Construction of the Erie County Hall is completed
  • 1901 - President William McKinley is assassinated in Buffalo
  • 1938 - The opening of the Buffalo Niagara International Airport
  • 1956 - Construction of the Niagara Thruway is completed
  • 1964-1965 - Buffalo hosts the World's Fair, known as Expo '64
  • 1970 - The construction of the Buffalo Metro Rail system begins
  • 1984 - The Buffalo Bills reach their first Super Bowl
  • 2006 - The implementation of the Buffalo-Niagara Riverkeeper organization