National Register Listings in
Bronx County, New York

242nd Street-Van Cortlandt Park Station (IRT) 48th Police Precinct Station 52nd Police Precinct Station House and Stable Bartow-Pell Mansion and Carriage House Bronx Borough Courthouse Bronx Central Annex-U.S. Post Office Bronx County Courthouse Casa Amadeo, antigua Casa Hernandez Chevra Linas Hazedek Synagogue of Harlem and the Bronx Christ Church Complex Colgate, Robert, House Concourse Yard Entry Buildings Concourse Yard Substation Crotona Play Center Dodge, William E., House Dollar Savings Bank Edgehill Church of Spuyten Duyvil Eighth Regiment Armory Farragut, Admiral David Glasgow, Gravesite Fonthill Castle and the Administration Building of the College of Mount St. Vincent Fort Independence Historic District Fort Schuyler Grace Episcopal Church Grand Concourse Historic District Hall of Fame Complex Hertlein and Schlatter Silk Trimmings Factory High Pumping Station House at 175 Belden Street Jackson Avenue Subway Station (IRT) Jerome Park Reservoir Keeper's House at Williamsbridge Reservoir Lisanti Chapel Longwood Historic District Lorillard Snuff Mill Morris High School Historic District Morris Park Station Mott Avenue Control House Mott Haven Historic District New York Botanical Gardens New York, Westchester and Boston Railroad Administration Building Park Plaza Apartments Pelham Parkway Station (Dual System IRT) Poe Cottage Port Morris Ferry Bridges Prospect Avenue Subway Station (IRT) Public School 11 Public School 15 Public School 17 Rainey Memorial Gates Reformed Church of Melrose Rieger's, C., Sons Factory Riverdale Presbyterian Church Complex Riverdale-Spuyten Duyvil-Kingsbridge Memorial Bell Tower Saxe Embroidery Company Building Simpson Street Subway Station and Substation #18 (IRT) Spaulding, Henry F., Coachman's House St. Ann's Church Complex St. Anselm's Roman Catholic Church and School St. James' Episcopal Church and Parish House St. Peter's Church, Chapel and Cemetery Complex St. Stephen's Methodist Church Sunnyslope Tremont Baptist Church United Workers Cooperatives University Heights Campus (Bronx Community College of The City University of New York) US Post Office-Morrisania V. Santini, Inc. Warehouse Valentine-Varian House Van Cortlandt, Frederick, House Washington Bridge Wave Hill Westchester Square Station (Dual System IRT) Williamsbridge Oval Park Woodlawan Station (Dual System IRT) Woodlawn Cemetery
The first capital of the United States was actually located in New York City, from 1785 to 1790. The city also served as the temporary capital while Washington, D.C. was being built.
Bronx County, located in the state of New York, has a rich history that dates back to the early 17th century when it was inhabited by Native American tribes. European settlement began in the 17th century, as Dutch and English colonizers arrived in the area. In 1874, Bronx County was established as one of the five original counties in New York City. Originally a rural area, it experienced significant growth during the late 19th and early 20th centuries due to the expansion of transportation networks and the arrival of immigrant communities.

During the late 19th century, the Bronx began to develop as a residential suburban area, attracting wealthy residents seeking a retreat from the bustling city of Manhattan. The construction of the Harlem River Ship Canal in 1895 further spurred development. As a result, neighborhoods such as Riverdale and the South Bronx emerged with elegant homes and park-like settings.

However, the early 20th century brought significant changes to the Bronx. The arrival of new immigrants, particularly from Eastern and Southern Europe, transformed the demographic makeup of the county. Large-scale urbanization led to the construction of tenement buildings, rapid population growth, and the rise of industrialization.

In the second half of the 20th century, the Bronx faced considerable challenges, including widespread poverty, crime rates, and urban decay. The borough experienced significant unrest and social strife during the 1970s and 1980s, symbolized by the South Bronx's devastated neighborhoods. However, in recent years, the Bronx has shown signs of revitalization and resurgence, with ongoing redevelopment initiatives, improvements in infrastructure, and a growing economy. The borough has also maintained its cultural richness, with vibrant communities, diverse industries, and iconic landmarks like Yankee Stadium and the Bronx Zoo.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Bronx County, New York.

  • 1914 - Bronx County is established as a separate county in New York City.
  • 1898 - The Bronx becomes a borough of New York City after the consolidation of the city's five boroughs.
  • 1874 - The Bronx is annexed by New York City.
  • 1846 - The area is separated from Westchester County and becomes part of New York County.
  • 1683 - The land that would become the Bronx is included in Westchester County when it is created.
  • 1636 - Jonas Bronck becomes the first European settler in the area, which later becomes known as the Bronx.
  • 1524 - The first European contact with the area is made by explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano.