National Register Listings in
Rockingham County, New Hampshire

Adams Memorial Building Armstrong Memorial Building Atkinson Academy School Atlantic Heights Development Bartlett, Josiah, House Bartlett-Cushman House Beach Club, The Beck, Samuel, House Benedict House Chester Congregational Church Chester Village Cemetery Crockett, John, House Currier, Capt. Jonathan, House Dame School Danville Meetinghouse Danville Town House Deerfield Center Historic District Drake Farm Dudley House East Derry Historic District Elkins, John, Farmstead Elm Farm Emery Farm Exeter Waterfront Commercial Historic District Exeter Waterfront Commercial Historic District (Boundary Increase) First Church First Universalist Church Fort Constitution Franklin Block Freewill Baptist Church-Peoples Baptist Church-New Hope Church Fremont Meeting House Front Street Historic District Frost, Robert, Homestead Gilman Garrison House Gilman, Maj. John, House Greeley House Hampstead Meetinghouse Hart, Jeremiah, House Hart, John, House Hart, Phoebe, House Hart-Rice House Haven-White House Highland Road Historic District Jackson, Richard, House James, Benjamin, House Jewell Town District Jones, John Paul, House Kensington Social Library Kensington Town House Ladd-Gilman House Lamprey, Reuben, Homestead Lane, Deacon Samuel and Jabez, Homestead Langdon, Gov. John, Mansion Larkin-Rice House Little Boar's Head Historic District Locke, Elijah, House MacPheadris-Warner House Margeson, Richman, Estate Moffatt-Ladd House Moses-Kent House Neal, James, House New Castle Congregational Church New Hampshire Bank Building Newington Center Historic District Newington Center Historic District (Boundary Increase) Newington Railroad Depot Newmarket Industrial and Commercial Historic District Nichols Memorial Library North Hampton Library North Hampton Town Hall North School Northwood Congregational Church Nutter-Rymes House Old Deerfield Center Historic District Old North Cemetery Parsons Homestead Pinkham, Daniel, House Plaistow Carhouse Porter, General, House Portsmouth Athenaeum Portsmouth Cottage Hospital Portsmouth Harbor Light Portsmouth Public Library Prescott, Benjamin Franklin, House Pulpit Rock Base-End Station (N. 142) Raymond Boston and Maine Railroad Depot Rockingham Hotel Rogers, George, House Rundlet-May House Rye Town Hall Salem Common Historic District Sanborn Seminary Sandown Depot, Boston and Maine Railroad Sandown Old Meetinghouse Scamman Farm Searles School and Chapel Sewall, Edward, Garrison Shapley Town House Sherburne, Henry, House Smith's Corner Historic District Smith, Simeon P., House Smyth Public Library South Meetinghouse South Parish Square Schoolhouse St. Andrew's By-The-Sea St. John's Church Stevens Memorial Hall Stone School Strawbery Banke Historic District Tenney, Samuel, House Thornton, Matthew, House Town Center Historic District Town House Union Meetinghouse-Universalist Church Unitarian Church USS ALBACORE Watson Academy Weare, Gov. Meshech, House Weeks House Wentworth, Gov. John, House Wentworth-Coolidge Mansion Wentworth-Gardner and Tobias Lear Houses Wentworth-Gardner House Whidden-Ward House Wiggin Memorial Library Wiggin, Cornet Thomas, House Woodman Road Historic District Young, Gen. Mason J., House
The first public library in the United States was established in Peterborough, New Hampshire, in 1833.
Rockingham County, New Hampshire has a rich history dating back to its establishment in 1769. Named after Charles Watson-Wentworth, the 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, this county was initially settled by European colonists seeking new opportunities in the New World. The original inhabitants of the area were the Pennacook Native American tribe, who were gradually displaced as more settlers arrived.

In its early years, Rockingham County was primarily an agricultural region. Farming was a vital part of the economy, with crops like corn, wheat, and potatoes being grown. The county also had a thriving shipbuilding industry, taking advantage of its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Along the coast, several small towns and fishing villages emerged, contributing to the county's growth.

During the American Revolutionary War, Rockingham County played a significant role. Exeter, one of its major towns, was temporarily the capital of New Hampshire and hosted the state's government meetings. Many local residents actively participated in the war effort, serving in the military or supporting the cause in various ways.

In the 19th and 20th centuries, Rockingham County experienced rapid industrialization and urbanization. The textile industry became prominent, with mills popping up along the region's rivers. The county's population boomed, and towns like Portsmouth, Derry, and Salem saw significant growth. Today, Rockingham County remains a thriving area, blending its historical roots with modern developments, making it a vibrant part of New Hampshire's cultural and economic landscape.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Rockingham County, New Hampshire.

  • 1623 - Captain John Mason receives a land grant for the area known as New Hampshire.
  • 1629 - The first English settlement, known as Little Harbor, is established.
  • 1641 - The area becomes part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1679 - New Hampshire is separated from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and becomes its own province.
  • Rockingham County is officially established, named after Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, in 1769.
  • 1775-1783 - Rockingham County residents actively participate in the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1816 - The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard is established in Kittery, Maine, but is located across the Piscataqua River from Rockingham County.
  • 1903 - The Hampton Beach State Park is established.
  • 1938 - The Great New England Hurricane causes significant damage to the county and other parts of New England.
  • 1980 - The Seabrook Nuclear Power Plant begins commercial operations, generating controversy and public protests.