The University of Nebraska was founded in 1869, just two years after Nebraska became a state.
Sheridan County, located in the state of Nebraska, has a rich history spanning back to the 1800s. The area was originally inhabited by various indigenous tribes, including the Pawnee and Sioux, who relied on the land for their sustenance. However, in the mid-1800s, European settlers began to arrive, attracted by the opportunities offered by the Homestead Act.

In 1885, Sheridan County was officially established, named after a celebrated Civil War general, Philip H. Sheridan. The county quickly became a hub for agricultural development, with settlers cultivating crops such as corn, wheat, and oats, as well as raising livestock. The opening of the Sioux City and Pacific Railroad in 1886 further stimulated the county's growth, providing improved transportation for goods and people.

During the early 20th century, Sheridan County experienced significant growth in its population and economy. The construction of irrigation systems, such as the Kuester Canal, allowed for more efficient use of water resources, enabling farmers to expand their operations. The county also witnessed the establishment of educational institutions, businesses, and infrastructure, contributing to its overall development.

In recent years, Sheridan County has faced the challenges associated with a changing agricultural landscape. As technology and economic factors have evolved, the county has adapted by diversifying its industries and investing in renewable energy. Overall, Sheridan County's history is a testament to the resilience and adaptability of its communities, who have consistently worked to build a prosperous and sustainable future for the region.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Sheridan County, Nebraska.

  • 1885 - Sheridan County is established on March 9th and named after Civil War general Philip Sheridan.
  • 1886 - Gordon is chosen as the county seat.
  • 1887 - The residents of Rushville petition to have the county seat moved, but it is rejected.
  • 1893 - Rushville becomes the official county seat after a second vote.
  • 1899 - The Burlington and Missouri River Railroad is completed, boosting the county's economy.
  • 1911 - The first county fair is held in Rushville.
  • 1920s - Prohibition leads to the rise of bootlegging in the county.
  • 1930s - The Great Depression causes hardship for many residents.
  • 1950s - The construction of the Box Butte Dam brings irrigation to the area.
  • 1960s - Sheridan County experiences population decline due to the shift towards mechanized farming.
  • 2000s - The county focuses on economic diversification and promoting tourism.