Nebraska's state motto is "Equality before the law."
Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The first inhabitants of the area were Native American tribes, notably the Sioux, Cheyenne, and Pawnee tribes. They lived off the land and utilized the nearby North Platte River for water and resources. In the early 1800s, European explorers and traders began to venture into the area, with fur trappers being the first to arrive.

The Oregon Trail, which passed through present-day Scotts Bluff County, became a popular route for pioneers during the mid-19th century. The Donner Party, one of the most famous wagon trains, passed through this area in 1846. In 1851, the U.S. government established Fort Mitchell to protect travelers along the Oregon Trail. However, conflicts with Native American tribes led to the fort's relocation and eventual abandonment.

In 1853, the U.S. Army established Fort Mitchell as Fort Mitchell Military Road, securing the area as a strategic military post. The military presence in the region helped pave the way for further settlement and development. In 1867, Scotts Bluff County was formed and named after the prominent landmark of Scotts Bluff, a natural formation that served as a significant landmark for pioneers traveling west.

The arrival of the Union Pacific Railroad in 1867 further accelerated the growth and development of Scotts Bluff County. The railroad brought new opportunities for trade, transportation, and economic growth. Agriculture became a vital industry, with farmers taking advantage of the fertile land and abundant water supply from the North Platte River. Over time, Scotts Bluff County became a thriving agricultural hub, with various crops and livestock flourishing in the region.

Today, Scotts Bluff County continues to thrive as a vital part of Nebraska's economy, with agriculture remaining a significant industry. The county's rich history, natural beauty, and strategic location along major transportation routes make it a unique and important part of the state's heritage.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska.

  • 1812 - Scotts Bluff County area identified by American explorers Lewis and Clark during their expedition.
  • 1838 - The first recorded non-native settlement in the area is established at Fort Robidoux.
  • 1849 - The Oregon Trail becomes a popular route through the county, leading to increased settlement and trade.
  • 1867 - Scotts Bluff County is organized and officially established.
  • 1887 - The city of Gering is founded.
  • 1908 - The towns of Melbeta and Minatare are incorporated.
  • 1929 - The North Platte Project brings irrigation to the county, boosting agricultural production.
  • 1954 - The city of Scottsbluff is formed through the merger of two neighboring communities.
  • 1983 - Scotts Bluff National Monument is designated, preserving the iconic geological formation in the area.