National Register Listings in
Hitchcock County, Nebraska

The name "Nebraska" is derived from an Oto Indian word meaning "flat water."
Hitchcock County, Nebraska is located in the southwestern part of the state. It was established on February 28, 1873, and named in honor of Phineas W. Hitchcock, a United States Senator from Nebraska. The first settlement in the area was established in 1870 by a group of settlers from Illinois, and the county quickly grew in population as more settlers arrived. Initially, the economy relied heavily on agriculture, with the main crops being corn, wheat, and alfalfa.

In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the county saw significant growth and development. The construction of the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad in the 1880s played a crucial role in the county's economic development by improving transportation and attracting more settlers. The railroad also brought new industries to the area, including a grain elevator and a creamery, which further boosted the local economy.

The early 20th century was marked by improvements in infrastructure. Roads were laid out and bridges constructed, connecting different parts of the county. The county seat of Trenton saw the construction of a new courthouse, signaling the importance of the town as the administrative center of the county. During this time, education also became a priority, and several new schools were built throughout the county.

In the latter part of the 20th century, Hitchcock County faced challenges due to shifts in the agricultural industry. Consolidation of farms and mechanization led to a decline in the number of rural residents. However, the county has adapted to these changes by diversifying its economy. Today, agriculture remains a significant part of Hitchcock County's economy, but there is also a growing emphasis on tourism, with attractions like the Swanson Reservoir and hunting and fishing opportunities attracting visitors to the area. The county continues to strive for growth and progress while preserving its rich history and natural resources.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Hitchcock County, Nebraska.

  • 1873 - Hitchcock County is established on February 27
  • 1874 - First permanent settler arrives in the county
  • 1875 - Hitchcock County's first post office is established
  • 1878 - First school is built in the county
  • 1879 - Hitchcock County's first courthouse is constructed
  • 1885 - First railroad reaches Hitchcock County
  • 1896 - Major flooding occurs in the county
  • 1900 - Population of the county reaches its peak at 3,244
  • 1929 - Economic hardships begin due to the Great Depression
  • 1946 - Hitchcock County experiences a destructive tornado
  • 1950 - Population of the county starts declining
  • 1961 - Courthouse in the county seat, Trenton, is destroyed by fire
  • 1981 - Hitchcock County celebrates its centennial
  • 1990 - Population of the county drops below 1,000
  • 2010 - Census reports a population of 2,908 for Hitchcock County