National Register Listing in
Hayes County, Nebraska

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In 1927, Charles Lindbergh made a stop in Omaha during his famous solo transatlantic flight from New York to Paris.
Hayes County, NE, located in southwestern Nebraska, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Pawnee and Otoe, who utilized the land for hunting and gathering. European settlers began arriving in the 19th century, attracted by the fertile soil and the promise of new opportunities on the American frontier.

The county was officially established in 1884 and was named after President Rutherford B. Hayes. The first permanent settlements started to emerge, and agriculture became the backbone of the local economy. Early settlers faced numerous challenges, including harsh weather conditions, limited resources, and isolation. Despite these obstacles, they persevered and built thriving communities.

In the early 20th century, the construction of the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad brought significant changes to Hayes County. The railroad provided a vital link to larger cities like Alliance and Denver, opening up new markets for agricultural products and facilitating the transportation of goods and people. This development sparked further growth and stimulated economic activity in the region.

Over the years, Hayes County has faced its share of hardships, including the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression. However, the resilient spirit of its residents enabled the county to recover and rebuild. Today, Hayes County remains a predominantly agricultural community, with farming and ranching playing a vital role in the local economy. The county's unique history and agricultural heritage continue to be valued and celebrated by its residents.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Hayes County, Nebraska.

  • 1857 - Hayes County is established as a county in the state of Nebraska.
  • 1873 - The first settlers begin to arrive in Hayes County.
  • 1876 - The town of Hayes Center is founded in Hayes County.
  • 1884 - The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad reaches Hayes County, boosting transportation and economic development.
  • 1890 - The population of Hayes County reaches approximately 2,000 residents.
  • 1920s - The expansion of agriculture and the introduction of irrigation systems spur growth and development in Hayes County.
  • 1935 - The Dust Bowl severely impacts Hayes County, causing drought, wind erosion, and economic hardship.
  • 1948 - Hayes County experiences a population decline due to changing agricultural practices and urbanization.
  • 1963 - The Hayes County Historical Society is formed to preserve and promote the history of the county.
  • 1990 - The population of Hayes County is around 1,000 residents.
  • 2000 - The county celebrates its sesquicentennial anniversary.