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During the Dust Bowl of the 1930s, Nebraska suffered from severe drought and wind erosion, leading to significant damage to the state's agriculture industry.
Fillmore County, Nebraska, located in the heart of the state, has a rich history that dates back to the mid-1800s. The county was named after President Millard Fillmore and was officially established on January 26, 1856. It was one of the earliest counties to be organized in the Nebraska Territory.

The first settlements in Fillmore County were primarily made by pioneers from the eastern United States, seeking new opportunities and fertile land for farming. The arrival of the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad in the late 1870s further accelerated the county's growth, as it brought new businesses and improved transportation options.

Throughout its history, agriculture has been the backbone of Fillmore County's economy. The fertile soil and favorable climate made it an ideal location for farming, and crops such as corn, soybeans, and wheat have been the dominant agricultural products. Livestock farming, including dairy and beef cattle, has also played a significant role in the county's prosperity.

Over the years, Fillmore County has evolved and diversified its economy. Along with agriculture, manufacturing, healthcare, and education have become important sectors. The county is home to several schools, including Fillmore Central Community Schools, which serves students from various towns within the county.

Throughout its history, Fillmore County has faced challenges such as drought, economic fluctuations, and the decline of small family farms. However, the community has always shown resilience and adaptability. Today, Fillmore County continues to embrace its agricultural heritage while striving for economic growth and providing a high quality of life for its residents.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Fillmore County, Nebraska.

  • 1856 - Fillmore County is established as one of the original 19 counties in the Nebraska Territory.
  • 1862 - The first settler, Joseph Clutter, arrives in the county.
  • 1868 - The town of Geneva is founded and becomes the county seat.
  • 1871 - The county courthouse is constructed in Geneva.
  • 1878 - The Chicago, Burlington, & Quincy Railroad is built through the county, improving transportation.
  • 1881 - The town of Fairmont is established.
  • 1885 - Fillmore County experiences a population boom with many new settlements being formed.
  • 1904 - The county's first hospital, Fillmore County Hospital, is built in Geneva.
  • 1919 - Fillmore County suffers a devastating tornado that causes significant damage and loss of life.
  • 1940s - The agricultural economy of Fillmore County expands with the introduction of new farming technologies.
  • 1975 - The new Fillmore County Courthouse is built in Geneva.
  • 1993 - The town of Exeter celebrates its centennial.
  • 2010 - Fillmore County has a population of approximately 5,890 people.