National Register Listings in
Sheridan County, North Dakota

North Dakota was the first state to have a state-owned flour mill, which was established in 1922. The mill helped to create a stable market for North Dakota wheat and has since become a major supplier of flour to bakeries and food companies across the country.
Sheridan County, North Dakota, is located in the state's northwest region. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, primarily the Sioux, who hunted and lived off the land. The first European settlers arrived in the late 1800s, attracted by the fertile soil and opportunity for agriculture. The county was officially established in 1908, with the town of McClusky designated as the county seat.

In the early years, Sheridan County experienced rapid growth as immigrants from eastern states and foreign countries arrived seeking land and a better life. Homesteading played a significant role in the settlement, with newcomers, especially German and Scandinavian immigrants, staking claims and establishing farms. The agriculture sector flourished, and crops like wheat, barley, and corn became vital to the county's economy.

During the 20th century, Sheridan County faced various challenges, including economic downturns and natural disasters. The Great Depression hit the region hard, causing many farmers to lose their land and struggle to make ends meet. However, the community remained resilient and worked together to overcome these difficulties. The construction of infrastructure, such as the North Dakota State Highway 200, brought improvements to transportation and facilitated trade.

In recent years, the economy of Sheridan County has diversified beyond agriculture. The county has seen growth in industries like oil and gas, wind energy, and tourism. The oil boom in North Dakota has brought job opportunities and increased revenue to the area. Meanwhile, the county's natural beauty, including its vast prairies and scenic landscapes, has attracted visitors seeking outdoor recreation and wildlife experiences. Sheridan County continues to evolve and adapt, embracing new opportunities while preserving its rich heritage.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Sheridan County, North Dakota.

  • 1883: Sheridan County is established as a county in the Dakota Territory.
  • 1880s: The town of McClusky is founded as the county seat.
  • 1890: The Soo Line Railroad reaches Sheridan County, promoting growth and development.
  • Early 1900s: The county experiences an influx of European settlers, primarily of German and Russian descent.
  • 1920s: Sheridan County's population reaches its peak, with over 6,000 residents.
  • 1940s - 1950s: The Great Depression and World War II impact the county, leading to a decline in population and economic hardship.
  • 1951: A devastating tornado hits McClusky, causing significant damage to the town.
  • 1960s - 1980s: The discovery of oil in the area brings economic opportunities and boosts the county's economy.
  • 1998: Coal mining begins in the western part of Sheridan County, leading to increased mining activities.
  • Present: Sheridan County continues to be a primarily rural area with agriculture and energy production as its main industries.