National Register Listing in
Sargent County, North Dakota

North Dakota was the first state to establish a state-owned bank, the Bank of North Dakota, in 1919. The bank was created to promote economic development in the state and has since become a model for other states looking to establish similar institutions.
Sargent County, ND is located in the southeastern part of the state and has a rich history dating back to the late 19th century. Settlers began arriving in the area in the 1870s, attracted by the fertile land and the promise of opportunity. The county was officially established in 1883 and named after Henry Sargent, a prominent early settler and politician.

The early years of Sargent County were marked by the challenges of homesteading, with settlers facing harsh weather conditions, lack of infrastructure, and isolation. Despite these difficulties, the population steadily grew, and agriculture emerged as the backbone of the local economy. Wheat, oats, and barley were the main crops, with farmers also raising livestock such as cattle and poultry.

The arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century brought new opportunities for growth and development. Towns such as Forman, Gwinner, and Milnor sprang up along the rail lines, becoming important hubs for trade and commerce. The agricultural sector expanded further with the introduction of new technologies and farming practices, leading to increased productivity and prosperity.

Over the years, Sargent County has faced economic challenges, particularly during periods of drought and economic downturns. However, the resilience and determination of its residents have allowed the county to continue thriving. Today, Sargent County remains an agricultural powerhouse, while also embracing other industries such as manufacturing and healthcare. It is a close-knit community proud of its heritage and committed to fostering a prosperous future.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Sargent County, North Dakota.

  • 1865 - Sargent County was first established as a part of Pembina County.
  • 1883 - Sargent County was officially organized and named after George S. Sargent, a banker and legislator.
  • 1886 - Forman, the county seat, was established.
  • 1887 - The Great Northern Railway reached Sargent County, leading to increased settlement and economic growth.
  • 1891 - The Sargent County Courthouse was completed in Forman.
  • 1893 - The Sargent County Farmers Press, the first newspaper in the county, began publication.
  • 1920s - The agricultural industry boomed, with major crops including wheat, oats, barley, and corn.
  • 1930s - The Great Depression and drought resulted in significant hardships for the county's residents.
  • 1940s - Sargent County experienced a population decline due to World War II and increased mechanization in agriculture.
  • 1950s - The county's population began to stabilize, and improvements in infrastructure, such as rural electrification, were made.
  • 1970s - The energy industry, particularly coal mining, became an important part of the county's economy.
  • 1980s - A decline in coal mining led to economic challenges for the county.
  • 1990s - Efforts were made to diversify the economy, focusing on tourism and small businesses.